natural systems test pt 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in natural systems test pt 2 Deck (32):
1

factors affecting climate

L.O.W.E.R.N.

2

L

latitude

3

latitude

closer to the equator = warmer climate
farther from the equator = colder climate

4

O

ocean currents

5

ocean currents

warm currents = warm climate
cold currents = cold climate

6

W

winds and air masses

7

winds and air masses

air mass near oceans = moisture = precipitation = Maritime Locations

air masses near land = dry = less precipitation = Inland Locations

8

winds and air masses

air mass near oceans = moisture = precipitation = Maritime Locations

air masses near land = dry = less precipitation = Inland Locations

9

E

elevation

10

elevation

higher elevation = colder temperature

11

R

relief

12

relief

windward slope = more precipitation due to more condensation
leeward (protected) slope = less precipitation due to more evaporation

13

relief

windward slope = more precipitation due to more condensation
leeward (protected) slope = less precipitation due to more evaporation

14

N

near water

15

continental has ___ precipitation and ____ temperature range

low // high

16

maritime has ____ precipitation and ___ temperature range

high // low

17

jet stream brings air from...

the north (cold) or south (warm)

18

where are continental climates?

inland

19

where are maritime locations?

coastal locations

20

types of precipitation

relief / organic precipitation

frontal / cyclonic precipitation

conventional precipitation

21

types of precipitation

relief / organic precipitation

frontal / cyclonic precipitation

conventional precipitation

22

what is growing season?

the number of days that have an average temperature of 5.6°C or higher

23

what is humidity?

the amount of water vapour in the air

24

what is humidity?

the amount of water vapour in the air

25

what is average temperature?

the average of temperatures

26

what is temperature range?

the difference between the lowest and highest temperatures

27

what is temperature range?

the difference between the lowest and highest temperatures

28

what is snowfall equivalent?

the amount of precipitation in the months when the average temperature is below 0°C (in cm)

29

climate refers to...

long term patterns

30

weather refers to...

day-to-day temperature and precipitation activity

31

greenhouse effect

solar radiation is trapped within the Earth's atmosphere

32

enhanced greenhouse effect

accelerated greenhouse effect due to human interferences