NBR 2 - Neuropathology Flashcards Preview

UNAIR - NBR 2nd Edition 2005 > NBR 2 - Neuropathology > Flashcards

Flashcards in NBR 2 - Neuropathology Deck (161)
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1


120. Gambar:

A. choroid plexus papilloma
B. ependymoma
C. medulloblastoma
D. meningioma
E. pituitary adenoma

Jawab (C)

CNBR Fig. 3-85. Dense, hyperchromatic cells are radially arranged in Homer-Wright rosettes with central granulofibrillar material.

2


121. Gambar

A. choroid plexus papilloma
B. craniopharyngioma
C. hemangioblastoma
D. metastatic tumor
E. myxopapillary ependymoma

Jawab (E)

CNBR Fig. 3-71. Mucinous material accumulating about a hyalinalized vessel wall is characteristic.

3


122. Gambar:

A. choroid plexus papilloma
B. craniopharyngioma
C. hemangioblastoma
D. metastatic tumor
E. myxopapillary ependymoma

Jawab (B)

CNBR Fig. 3-102. Palisading epithelial cells with keratinization and calcification are prominent

4


123. Gambar:

A. choroid plexus papilloma
B. craniopharyngioma
C. hemangioblastoma
D. metastatic tumor
E. myxopapillary ependymoma

Jawab (C)

CNBR Fig. 3-100. Vacuolated "stromal" cells in a complex capillary network are seen.

5

124. Gambar:

A. butterfly glioma
B. carbon monoxide poisoning
C. fat emboli
D. lipoma
E. lipofuscin deposition

Jawab (D)

Ok Fig. 7-64A, p.257. Lipoma of the corpus callosum

6

125. Gambar:

A. carbon monoxide poisoning
B. fat emboli
C. Hallervorden-Spatz disease
D. miliary tuberculosis
E. Wilson's disease

Jawab (A)

Nelson fig. 10-3, p. 178. Selective necrosis of the globus pallidus is noted.

7

126. Gambar:

A. ependymoma
B. GBM
C. medulloblastoma
D. meningioma
E. schwannoma

Jawab (B)

CNBR Fig. 3-59. Necrosis with pseudopalisading is well illustrated in this GBM.

8


127. Gambar:

The patient in this photograph is most likely to have

A. metastatic disease
B. NF – 1
C. NF – 2
D. tuberous sclerosis
E. von Hippel-Lindau disease

Jawab (D)

CNBR fig. 3-177. The adenoma sebaceum of tuberoussclerosis is seen.

9

128. Gambar:

A. Anaplastic astrocytoma
B. medulloblastoma
C. meningioma
D. metastatic tumor
E. oligodendriglioma

Jawab (C)

CNBR Fig. 3-93. Meningotheliomatous (syncytial) type of meningioma.

10


129. Gambar:

A. GBM
B. malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor
C. meningioma
D. neurofibroma
E. schwannoma

Jawab (C)

CNBR Fig. 3-94. Fibrous type of meningioma.

11

130. Gambar:

A. GBM
B. malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor
C. meningioma
D. neurofibroma
E. schwannoma

Jawab (D)

CNBR Fig. 3-149. Bundles of elongated Schwann's cells with characteristic wavy nuclei in a loose mucinous or collagenous matrix are features of the neurofibroma.

12

131. Gambar:

A. GBM
B. malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor
C. meningioma
D. neurofibroma
E. schwannoma

Jawab (B)

CNBR Fig. 3-152. Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors are composed of spindle cells in fascicles with occasional mitoses and foci of necrosis

13

132. Gambar:

A. GBM
B. malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor
C. meningioma
D. neurofibroma
E. schwannoma

 

Jawab (E)

CNBR Fig. 3-145. Verocay bodies, palisading elongated nuclei encircling anuclear fibrillary material, are hallmarks of schwannomas.

14


133. Gambar:

This lesion is associated with the

A. filum terminale
B. kidney
C. notochord
D. pituitary
E. von Hippel-Lindau disease

 

Jawab (C)

CNBR Fig. 3-130. Chordomas feature "physaliferous" or "bubbly" cells Surrounding pools of mucin

 

15

134. Gambar:

A. Alzheimer's disease
B. HSV-l
C. Huntington's disease
D. Parkinson's disease
E. Pick's disease

Jawab (C)

Nelson Fig. 11-9, p. 230. Atrophy of the head of the caudate with "boxcar" ventricles is noted.

16

135. Gambar:

A.  bacterial meningitis
B. candidiasis
C. neuritic plaques
D. neurofibrillary tangles
E. pick’s bodies

Jawab (C)

CNBR Fig. 3-189. Neuritic ("senile") plaques (composed of degenerating nerve cell processes surrounding a central core of amyloid composed of ß/A4 protein) and neurofibrillary tangles are seen

17

136. Gambar:

A. acute disseminated encephalomyelitis
B. adrenoleukodystrophy
C. alexander’s disease
D. krabbe’s disease
E. metachromatic leukodystrophy

Jawab (C)

Nelson Fig. 13-41, p. 262. Numerous Rosenthal fibers (eosinophilic material in cell processes) in areas of astrocytosis are noted.

18


137. Gambar:

A. amyloid angiopathy
B. Duret's hemorrhage
C. GBM
D. hypertensive hemorrhage
E. melanoma

Jawab (D)

Nelson Fig. 8-10a, p. 127. A massive basal ganglia hypertensive hemorrhage is noted.

19

138. Gambar:

A. central neuroblastoma
B. colloid cysts
C. GBM
D. hemangioblastoma
E. schwannoma

Jawab (A)

CNBR Fig. 3-91. A dense array of uniform undifferentiated cells with small blue nuclei and perinuclear halos is found in neurocytomas. The findings are similar to oligodendrogliomas, but central neurocytomas stain with synaptophysin and neuron-specific enolase (NSE).

20

139. Gambar:

A. amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
B. Friedreich's ataxia
C. multiple sclerosis
D. radiation myelopathy
E. subacute combined degeneration

Jawab (B)

CNBR Fig. 3-279. Posterior columns, spinocerebellar tracts, and corticospinal tracts are affected.

21

140. Gambar

A. amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
B. Friedreich's ataxia
C. multiple sclerosis
D. radiation myelopathy
E. subacute combined degeneration

Jawab (E)

Ok Fig. 6-12A, p. 195. There is a spongiform and gliotic appearance of the cord primarily affecting the posterior and lateral columns.

22

141. Gambar:

A. amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
B. Friedreich's ataxia
C. multiple sclerosis
D. radiation myelopathy
E. subacute combined degeneration

Jawab (D)

Ok Fig. 6-16B, p. 198. There is an irregular area of coagulation necrosis involving both gray and white matter.

23

142. Gambar:

A. amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
B. Friedreich's ataxia
C. multiple sclerosis
D. radiation myelopathy
E. subacute combined degeneration

Jawab (C)

CNBR Fig. 3-282. Well-defined plaques are seen.

24

143. Gambar

A. amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
B. Friedreich's ataxia
C. multiple sclerosis
D. radiation myelopathy
E. subacute combined degeneration

Jawab (A)

CNBR Fig. 3-276. The anterior horn and corticospinal tract are affected

25

144. Gambar:

A. gliomatosis cerebri
B. Huntington's disease
C. Krabbe's disease
D. multiple sclerosis
E. tuberous sclerosis

Jawab (E)

Nelson Fig. 20-10, p. 453. Cortical tubers are seen in the frontal and temporal lobes.

26

145. Gambar

A. choroid plexus papilloma
B. ependymoma
C. lymphoma
D. medulloblastoma
E. meningioma

Jawab (B)

CNBR Fig. 3-70. The histologic appearance of ependymomas is highly variable. A cellular variety with sheetlike growth of oval to polygonal cells arranged in a pseudovascular rosette is illustrated.

27

146. Gambar:

A. chordoma
B. dermoid
C. metastatic tumor
D. myxopapillary ependymoma
E. teratoma

Jawab (E)

Nelson Fig. 16-161, p. 365. Cartilage, mucin-producing epithelium, and immature spindle cell stroma are all part of this immature teratoma

28

147. Gambar:

A. advanced age and lobar hemorrhages
B. alcoholism and prone to falls
C. port-wine stain on the face
D. retinal angiomas
E. subungual fibromas

Jawab (C)

Ok fig. 7-72A, p. 264. Atrophy of the hemisphere and leptomeningeal venous angioma are present in this specimen with Sturge-Weber syndrome.

 

29

148. Gambar:

A. acoustic neuroma
B. anaplastic astrocytoma
C. medulloblastoma
D. melanoma
E. meningioma

Jawab (A)

CNBR Fig. 3-143. Dense Antoni A areas (with compact spindle cells) and looser Antoni B areas (with stellate cells) are typical of an acoustic neuroma (schwannoma).

30

149. Gambar

A. carbon monoxide poisoning
B. cerebral contusions
C. herpes encephalitis
D. meningeal carcinomatosis
E. metastatic melanomas

Jawab (D)

CNBR Fig. 3-137. Epitheloid cells with melanin inclusions are seen.