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Flashcards in Nematodes Deck (89)
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0

What is the most important group?

Nematodes

1

Where can nematodes be found?

In many different organs in the body

2

What do adults look like?

Elongated and cylindrical

3

What type of worm is a ancylostoma caninum?

Hookworm

4

How long do adult ancylostoma caninum get?

1.5cm

5

What do ancylostoma caninum eggs look like?

Oval with thin shells and multiple cell clusters

6

What are four things ancylostoma caninum cause?

Anemia, diarrhea, malabsorption, cutaneous larva migrans

7

How can you diagnose ancylostoma caninum?

Eggs in fecal flotation

8

How do you treat ancylostoma caninum?

Treat infected dogs and remove fences

9

What is cutaneous larva migrans?

Skin inflammation caused by a migrating roundworm larva

10

What are three parasites that can cause cutaneous larva migrans?

Ancylostoma, unvinaria, strongyloids

11

What will humans show with cutaneous larva migrans?

Itchy, raised skin lesion that follows a serpentine pattern

12

What will animals exhibit with cutaneous larva migrans?

Anemia, diarrhea, malabsorption in puppies

13

What is the incubation period with parasites with cutaneous larva migrans?

2-3 days

14

Do cutaneous larva migrants have a mortality rate?

No

15

How is cutaneous larva migrants transmitted?

Skin contact w/infective larva in soil contaminated with dog and cat feces

16

How do you doagnose cutaneous larva migrans?

Syndrome, history of exposure

17

How are cutaneous larva migrans treated?

Antiparasitics, antiprotons, antibiotics

18

How do you control and prevent cutaneous larva migrans? 3

Regular deworming of dogs and cats, prohibition of dogs and cats on playgrounds and beaches, wear protective clothing when in contact with potentially contaminated soil

19

What is a common hookworm in dogs?

Ancylostoma caninum

20

What is a common hookworm in both dogs and cats?

Unconaria stenocephala

21

What type of worm is toxicara canis?

Roundworm ascarid

22

How big do toxicara canis get?

10-18 cm

23

What do toxicara canis eggs look like?

Round with a thick pitted shell

24

Toxicara infects a high percentage of what animal?

Puppies

25

What animal will die of toxicara canis?

2-3 week old puppies

26

Why do puppies for of toxicara canis?

Lung damage

27

What are three symptoms of toxicara canis?

Vomiting, diarrhea, visceral larva migrans

28

How do you diagnose toxicara canis? 2

Eggs in fevers, worms in vomit

29

How do you control toxicara canis?

Treat infected, remove feces