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Flashcards in Protozoas Deck (65)
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What are Protozoa?

Unicellular organisms?

1

Where are organisms found?

In different organs within the body

2

Can you see Protozoa?

Only with a microscope

3

What is isospora?

Coccidia

4

What will you look for when looking for isospora?

Oocyst

5

What does isospora cause?

Diarrhea in puppies

6

How do you diagnose isospora?

Oocyst in feces

7

How do you control isospora?

Treat infected and Impala and remove feces

8

What is eimeria?

Coccidia

9

What will you see when looking for eimeria?

Oocyte

10

What does eimeria cause?

Diarrhea

11

How do you diagnose eimeria?

Oocyst in feces

12

How do you control eimeria?

Treat infected animals

13

What is the prepatent period for eimeria?

12-18 days

14

What is the prepatent period for isospora?

1 week

15

What does giardia cause?

Giardiasis

16

What form of giardia will be found in the intestine?

Motile feeding form

17

Where is the giardia cyst found?

Fences

18

What does giardia cause? Symptom

Diarrhea

19

How can you diagnose giardia?

Fecal direct with iodine

20

How is giardia transmitted?

Ingestion of contaminated feed or water

21

How is giardia treated?

Metronidazole

22

What are five human symptoms of giardiasis?

Nausea vomiting diarrhea abdominal pain bloating

23

What are two animal symptoms of giardiasis?

Diarrhea and wt loss

24

What is the incubation period of giardiasis?

3-35 days

25

Where does gia occurr the most?

Most common undeveloped countries

26

What percent of petiole have giardiasis?

1-30%

27

How is giardiasis transmitted?

Ingestion of cysts from humans or animals

28

How is giardiasis diagnosed? 2

Microscopic examination of fences for cyst, fec antigen test

29

How is giardia treated?

Antoparasitics

30

How is giardiasis controlled? 3

Personal hygiene
Protect water from continuation
Filter public water

31

How can you treat water in an emergency?

Boil water and add 2-4 drops of bleach or 10drops of 2% tincture of iodine to each liter of water and let sit for 20 min

32

What is sarcocystosis?

Disease cause by a protozoan parasite found in beef or pork

33

What can cause sarcocystosis?

Sarcocystis

34

What are three symptoms of sarcocystosis?

Nausea, diarrhea, discomfort

35

What is the incubation period for sarcocystosis?

2 weeks

36

Where is sarcocystosis common?

Underdeveloped countries

37

How is sarcocystosis transmitted?

Ingestion of infected raw or undercooked beef or pork, ingestion of oocytes in human feces

38

How is sarcocystosis diagnosed?

Microscopic examination of feces for oocytes

39

How is sarcocystosis treated?

Antipatasitics

40

How issatcocustosis controlled?

Good personal hygiene
Prevent contamination of livestock with human feces
Cool meat

41

What is Babesia canis?

Blood borne parasite

42

What can babesia canis cause?

Hemolytic anemia

43

How is babesia diagnosed? 2

Stained blood smear and ab test

44

How is babesia controlled?

Treat infected animals and tick control

45

What is cryptosporidiosis?

Disease caused by a protozoan parasite capable of infecting many animals

46

What causes cryptosporidiosis?

Cryptosporidium parvum

47

What are five human symptoms of cryptosporidiosis?

Anotexia, nausea, vomiting, watery diarrhea, abdominal cramps

48

What is a symptom of cryptosporidiosis in calves?

Watery diarrhea in calves 1-2 weeks old

49

What is the incubation period of cryptosporidiosis?

3-7 days

50

Where does cryptosporidiosis occur?

Us and Europe

51

How many people in the U.S. and Europe had cryptosporidiosis?

1-4.5%

52

How do you diagnose cryptosporidiosis?

Examination of feces for locusts and fecal antigen test

53

How is cryptosporidiosis treated? 2

Nitazoxanide and supportive care

54

How do you prevent cryptosporidiosis? 4

Good personal hygiene
Dispose of feces in sanitary manner
Filter public water supplies
Immunocompromised should avoid diarrheic animals or people

55

What is toxoplasmosis?

Protozoal disease transmitted from cats to humans

56

What causes toxoplasmosis?

Toxoplasma Hindi

57

What are six symptoms in humans of toxoplasmosis?

Fever, swollen lymph nodes, cardiac, pulmonary, CNS disease, birth defects

58

What will toxoplasmosis cause in sheep, pigs, and goats?

Abortion

59

What is the incubation period for toxoplasmosis?

1-4 weeks (7-14 days)

60

What is the mortality rate for toxoplasmosis?

Low, higher for immunocompromised

61

How is toxoplasmosis transmitted?

Ingestion of oocysts in cat fevers or meat

62

How is toxoplasmosis diagnosed?

Serology

63

How is toxoplasmosis treated?

Antoparasitics

64

How is toxoplasmosis controlled/prevented? 2

Avoid contact with cat fevers or contaminated soil, cool meat