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Flashcards in Nepali syntax Deck (122):
1

present simple positive - khaanu (to eat)

ma khaanchhu tapaai/wahha khaanuhunchha haami khaanchhau timi khaanchhau u khaanchha uniharu khaanchhan

2

present simple negative - hernu

ma herdina tapaai/wahaa hernuhunna haami herdainau timi herdainau u herdaina uniharu herdainan

3

past positive - siknu

ma sike tapaai/wahaa siknubhayo haami sikyau timi sikyau u sikyo uniharu sike

4

past negative - dhunu

ma dhoina tapaai/wahaa dhunubhaena haami dhoenau timi dhoenau u dhoena uniharu dhoenan

5

future positive - bolnu

ma bolchhu tapaai/wahaa bolnuhunchha haami bolchhau timi bolchhau u bolchha uniharu bolchhan

6

future negative - khelnu

ma kheldina tapaai/wahaa khelnuhunna haami kheldainau timi kheldainau u kheldaina uniharu kheldainan

7

progressive positive continuous - aaunu

ma aaudai chhu tapaai/wahaa aaudai hunuhunchha haami aaudai chhau timi aaudai chhau u aaudai chha uniharu aaudai chhan

8

progressive negative continuous - jaanu

ma aaudai chhaina tapaai/wahaa aaudai hunuhunna haami aaudai dainau timi aaudai dainau u aaudai daina uniharu aaudai dainan

9

"to be" present positive

ma chhu/hu tapaai/wahaa hunuhunchha haami chhau/hau u chha/ho uniharu chhan/hun

10

"to be" present negative

ma chhaina/hoina tapaai/wahaa hunuhunna haami chhainau/hoinau timi chhainau/hoinau u chhaina/hoina uniharu chhainan/hoinan

11

"to be" past positive

ma thie tapaai/wahaa hunuhunthyo haami thiyau timi thiyau u thiyo uniharu thie

12

"to be" past negative

ma thiina tapaai/wahaa hunuhunnathyo haami thienau timi thienau u thiena uniharu thienan

13

"to be" future positive

ma hunchhu tapaai/wahaa hunuhunchha haami hunchhau timi hunchhau u hunchha uniharu hunchhan

14

"to be" future negative

ma hudina tapaai/wahaa hunuhunna haami hudainau timi hudainau u hudaina uniharu hudainan

15

masanga kalam chha (chhaina)

I have a pen.

16

purpose verb

add "a" to vb inf. "herna jaanchhu" "going to see"

17

before - "bhandaa aghi" "agaadi"

u aaunu bhandaa aghi Nepali sikyo

18

immediately after "vb. +ne bittikai"

class sidhine bittikai gharmaa jaanchhu

19

"eko" - informal past and present continuous

kahaa hideko? Kahile aaunubhaeko?

20

dekhi

from (time) - bholi dekhi

21

baata

from (place) - USAbaata

22

"-epacchi"

after - "khaepachhi"

23

"vb + era" - after having done?

yo kitaab padhera timilaai dinchhu

24

"na + sb + ikana" - without doing s.t.

ma chini narakikana chiyaa piuchhu

25

"lagnu" present

laagyo / laageko chhaina

26

"lagnu" past

laagyo / laagena

27

"lagnu" future and gen

laagchha / laagdaina

28

"dukhnu" present

dukhyo / dukhecko chhaina

29

"dukhnu" past

dukhyo / dukhena

30

"dukhnu" future and gen

dukhchha / dukhdaina

31

kasrat garna dukhdaina

exercise does not hurt (general)

32

"sb + eko + time + bhayo" - how long ago?

Nepalmaa aaeko dui barsha bhayo

33

"sb + eko + time + bhayo" - how long ago?

biraami bhaeko kati bhayo?

34

"sb + edekhi" - since doing

trekking baata pharkedekhi u biraami bhayo

35

"pb + bichhar chha" - thinking of doing

aaune chhutimaa Thailand jaane bichar chaa

36

ho - thiyo - bhayo

he is a doctor he was a doctor he became a doctor

37

"pb + daa/daakheri" - when doing, while doing

KTMmaa hudaa usle Newari khaana khaayo

38

"vb + na paaunu" - to get to do something

ma film herna paauchhu

39

if then (present)

tapaai jaanuhunchha bhane ma pani jaanchhu

40

if, then (causal)

timi garna nasakne bhae ma garchhu

41

if then (future)

timi gayau bhane ma pani jaanchhu

42

if then (future casual)

jaado bhae ghaammaa basnus

43

saknu v. paaunu

saknu (can do it) paaunu (can manage to do)

44

saknu

timi paudi khelna sakchhau?

45

paaunu

ma hijo timro gharmaa aauna paaina

46

paaunu

maile timro chhitti paae - I received your letter

47

laamo kapal bhaeko ketaa ko ho?

Who is the long-haired boy?

48

eutaa khutta hune maanchhekolaagi football khelna gaarho hunchha

For the one-footed man, playing football will be hard

49

paani parna laagyo

it is about to rain

50

yo kaam siddhina kati samaya laagchha?

how long will it take to get this work done?

51

kataa jaana laagnubhaeko?

where are you off to?

52

tapaaiko uttar milyo

your answer was right

53

usko anuhaar usko bhaaiko anuhaarsanga milchha

his face and brother's face are same

54

hisaab milyo

the calculation is correct

55

maile yo kaam garna mildaina

it is not appropriate for me to do this job.

56

uniharu milera baschhan

they live in harmony.

57

ma bhitra aauna hunchha?

May I come inside?

58

mandirmaa juttaa lagaaera jaana hudaina

you should not enter a temple with your shoes on

59

Nepalmaa pani naumaalikana khaanu hudaina

you should not drink Nepali water without boiling

60

rughaa laagdaakheri aushadhi khannu pardaina

it is not necessary to tak medicine when you have a cold

61

hijo gharmaa pharkdaa maile taxi paaina tyaskaaran hidera jaanu paryo

when I returned home yesterday, I could not find a taxi so I had to walk

62

present simple positive - khaanu (to eat)

ma khaanchhu tapaai/wahha khaanuhunchha haami khaanchhau timi khaanchhau u khaanchha uniharu khaanchhan

63

present simple negative - hernu

ma herdina tapaai/wahaa hernuhunna haami herdainau timi herdainau u herdaina uniharu herdainan

64

past positive - siknu

ma sike tapaai/wahaa siknubhayo haami sikyau timi sikyau u sikyo uniharu sike

65

past negative - dhunu

ma dhoina tapaai/wahaa dhunubhaena haami dhoenau timi dhoenau u dhoena uniharu dhoenan

66

future positive - bolnu

ma bolchhu tapaai/wahaa bolnuhunchha haami bolchhau timi bolchhau u bolchha uniharu bolchhan

67

future negative - khelnu

ma kheldina tapaai/wahaa khelnuhunna haami kheldainau timi kheldainau u kheldaina uniharu kheldainan

68

progressive positive continuous - aaunu

ma aaudai chhu tapaai/wahaa aaudai hunuhunchha haami aaudai chhau timi aaudai chhau u aaudai chha uniharu aaudai chhan

69

progressive negative continuous - jaanu

ma aaudai chhaina tapaai/wahaa aaudai hunuhunna haami aaudai dainau timi aaudai dainau u aaudai daina uniharu aaudai dainan

70

"to be" present positive

ma chhu/hu tapaai/wahaa hunuhunchha haami chhau/hau u chha/ho uniharu chhan/hun

71

"to be" present negative

ma chhaina/hoina tapaai/wahaa hunuhunna haami chhainau/hoinau timi chhainau/hoinau u chhaina/hoina uniharu chhainan/hoinan

72

"to be" past positive

ma thie tapaai/wahaa hunuhunthyo haami thiyau timi thiyau u thiyo uniharu thie

73

"to be" past negative

ma thiina tapaai/wahaa hunuhunnathyo haami thienau timi thienau u thiena uniharu thienan

74

"to be" future positive

ma hunchhu tapaai/wahaa hunuhunchha haami hunchhau timi hunchhau u hunchha uniharu hunchhan

75

"to be" future negative

ma hudina tapaai/wahaa hunuhunna haami hudainau timi hudainau u hudaina uniharu hudainan

76

masanga kalam chha (chhaina)

I have a pen.

77

purpose verb

add "a" to vb inf. "herna jaanchhu" "going to see"

78

before - "bhandaa aghi" "agaadi"

u aaunu bhandaa aghi Nepali sikyo

79

immediately after "vb. +ne bittikai"

class sidhine bittikai gharmaa jaanchhu

80

"eko" - informal past and present continuous

kahaa hideko? Kahile aaunubhaeko?

81

dekhi

from (time) - bholi dekhi

82

baata

from (place) - USAbaata

83

"-epacchi"

after - "khaepachhi"

84

"vb + era" - after having done?

yo kitaab padhera timilaai dinchhu

85

"na + sb + ikana" - without doing s.t.

ma chini narakikana chiyaa piuchhu

86

"lagnu" present

laagyo / laageko chhaina

87

"lagnu" past

laagyo / laagena

88

"lagnu" future and gen

laagchha / laagdaina

89

"dukhnu" present

dukhyo / dukhecko chhaina

90

"dukhnu" past

dukhyo / dukhena

91

"dukhnu" future and gen

dukhchha / dukhdaina

92

kasrat garna dukhdaina

exercise does not hurt (general)

93

"sb + eko + time + bhayo" - how long ago?

Nepalmaa aaeko dui barsha bhayo

94

"sb + eko + time + bhayo" - how long ago?

biraami bhaeko kati bhayo?

95

"sb + edekhi" - since doing

trekking baata pharkedekhi u biraami bhayo

96

"pb + bichhar chha" - thinking of doing

aaune chhutimaa Thailand jaane bichar chaa

97

ho - thiyo - bhayo

he is a doctor he was a doctor he became a doctor

98

"pb + daa/daakheri" - when doing, while doing

KTMmaa hudaa usle Newari khaana khaayo

99

"vb + na paaunu" - to get to do something

ma film herna paauchhu

100

if then (present)

tapaai jaanuhunchha bhane ma pani jaanchhu

101

if, then (causal)

timi garna nasakne bhae ma garchhu

102

if then (future)

timi gayau bhane ma pani jaanchhu

103

if then (future casual)

jaado bhae ghaammaa basnus

104

saknu v. paaunu

saknu (can do it) paaunu (can manage to do)

105

saknu

timi paudi khelna sakchhau?

106

paaunu

ma hijo timro gharmaa aauna paaina

107

paaunu

maile timro chhitti paae - I received your letter

108

laamo kapal bhaeko ketaa ko ho?

Who is the long-haired boy?

109

eutaa khutta hune maanchhekolaagi football khelna gaarho hunchha

For the one-footed man, playing football will be hard

110

paani parna laagyo

it is about to rain

111

yo kaam siddhina kati samaya laagchha?

how long will it take to get this work done?

112

kataa jaana laagnubhaeko?

where are you off to?

113

tapaaiko uttar milyo

your answer was right

114

usko anuhaar usko bhaaiko anuhaarsanga milchha

his face and brother's face are same

115

hisaab milyo

the calculation is correct

116

maile yo kaam garna mildaina

it is not appropriate for me to do this job.

117

uniharu milera baschhan

they live in harmony.

118

ma bhitra aauna hunchha?

May I come inside?

119

mandirmaa juttaa lagaaera jaana hudaina

you should not enter a temple with your shoes on

120

Nepalmaa pani naumaalikana khaanu hudaina

you should not drink Nepali water without boiling

121

rughaa laagdaakheri aushadhi khannu pardaina

it is not necessary to tak medicine when you have a cold

122

hijo gharmaa pharkdaa maile taxi paaina tyaskaaran hidera jaanu paryo

when I returned home yesterday, I could not find a taxi so I had to walk