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Flashcards in Nephrotic Syndrome Deck (9)
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1

What is nephrotic syndrome

Is a syndrome caused by an increase in capillary permeability of the glomeruli to plasma proteins due to thickening leading to a massive proteinuria

2

What is a triad of ?
(4)

persistent proteinuria >3.5g/day
hypoalbuminemia <25g/l
oedema
severe hyperlipidaemia >10 mmol/l

3

What are the 3 primary causes of nephrotic syndrome ?

Minimal change nephropathy
membranous and proliferative nephropathy
focal segmental glomerulonephritis

4

What is another primary cause of nephrotic syndrome not mentioned ?

mesangiocapillary glomerulonephritis

5

What are the 9 secondary causes of nephrotic syndrome ?

Sorry DAD My Drugs and Gold led To Hep B and ;C
1. SLE, 2. DM, 3. amyloidosis, 4.drugs:Nsaids and penicillamine /preeclampsia, 5.Malaria and malignancy, 6. Drugs of abuse,e,g Heroin, 7. Gold 8 Anti-TNF and 9.Hepatitis B and C

6

What is the primary cause of persistent proteinuria ?

glomerulonephritis

7

What are the five secondary causes of persistent proteinuria ? 😭

1. DM 2. CCF, 3. vasculitis, 4. hypertension. 5, myeloma

8

Investigations

B

9

Rx

V