Flashcards in Nephrotic Syndrome Deck (9)
What is nephrotic syndrome
Is a syndrome caused by an increase in capillary permeability of the glomeruli to plasma proteins due to thickening leading to a massive proteinuria
What is a triad of ?
persistent proteinuria >3.5g/day
severe hyperlipidaemia >10 mmol/l
What are the 3 primary causes of nephrotic syndrome ?
Minimal change nephropathy
membranous and proliferative nephropathy
focal segmental glomerulonephritis
What is another primary cause of nephrotic syndrome not mentioned ?
What are the 9 secondary causes of nephrotic syndrome ?
Sorry DAD My Drugs and Gold led To Hep B and ;C
1. SLE, 2. DM, 3. amyloidosis, 4.drugs:Nsaids and penicillamine /preeclampsia, 5.Malaria and malignancy, 6. Drugs of abuse,e,g Heroin, 7. Gold 8 Anti-TNF and 9.Hepatitis B and C
What is the primary cause of persistent proteinuria ?
What are the five secondary causes of persistent proteinuria ? 😭
1. DM 2. CCF, 3. vasculitis, 4. hypertension. 5, myeloma