Flashcards in Neuro Vocab Deck (40):
Inability to recognize familiar objects with one form of sensation
Inability to initiate movement
Disturbance to language that results in errors in word choice, comprehension, or syntax
Inability to perform movements previously learned even though there is no loss of strength, coordination, sensation, or comprehension
Person no longer understand the "idea" of how to do a routine task
Person cannot do the task on command but can do it spontaneously
Inability to identify objects by touch alone
Inability to move muscle together in a coordinated manner
Uncoordinated movement, especially gait
Slow, involuntary, worm-like, twisting motions. Usually seen if forms of CP
Burning sensations often associated with CRPS type I
A common bizarre breathing pattern characterized by a period apnea lasting 10-60s followed by gradually increasing, then decreasing depth and frequency of respirations.
Accompanied by the depression of frontal lobe and diencephalic dysfunction.
Rapid involuntary, jerky movements
Rhythmic oscillation of a muscle in response to a sustained stretch in patients with UMN disease
Contraction of extensor muscles of UE and LE d/t injury of the brainstem
Contraction of flexor muscles of UE and extensor contraction of LE
Temporary confusion and loss of mental function often 2/2 illness, drug toxicity, or lack of O2.
Loss of memory or intellectual functioning. Often slowly progressive and nonreversible.
Inability to judge distances. Seen in cerebellar dysfunction
The study of graphic record the contraction of a muscle as a result of electrical stimulation. Used to evaluate the voluntary electrical activity of the muscle.
Glove and stocking anesthesia
Generalized peripheral neuropathy in which distal portions of the nerves degenerate resulting in anesthesia of the distal extremities in a pattern as if the pt was wearing gloves and stockings. Occasionally seen in GB.
Herpes Zoster (shingles)
A painful inflammation of posterior root ganglion, cased by virus, resulting in the formation of vesicles along the course of the dermatome
Ptosis of the eyelid, constriction of the pupil, and lack of sweating on the ipsilateral face, often accompanying stroke involving the anterior inferior or posterior inferior cerebellar artery.
An excessive pronation during the stance produces compression between the third and fourth metatarsals
Nerve Conduction Velocity Test
Determines the speed of propagation of an action potential along a nerve or muscle fiber
Rapid usually back and forth, movement of the eyeballs
Inhibition of muscles antagonistic to those being facilitated. This is essential for coordinated movement
LOB in standing with eyes closed
A lack of awareness of the relationship of one's own body parts of the body parts of others
A deep coma with abnormal posturing. Different from a coma in that there are sleep wake cycles.
Sharpness of vision that generally decreases with age or certain disabilities such as diabetes
A deficit of either the right or the left half of the visual field, caused by damage to the contralateral optic nerve.
A deficit of the temporal or peripheral visual fields, caused by injury at the optic chiasm
Caused by damage to the optic nerve
Increased rate and depth of respirations. Seen in dysfunction of lower midbrain and pons
Abnormal breathing marked by prolonged inspiration. Seen in damage to upper pons
Decreased tone. Seen in LMN lesions (nerve roots and peripheral nerve injuries). Also seen initially after a UMN lesion for a brief period of spinal shock in SCI or cerebral shock in CVA.
Velocity-dependent resistance to PROM. Seen in UMN lesions.
Types: clasp-knife response, clonus, abnormal superficial cutaneous reflexes, hyperreflexia
UE: Scapular protraction, shoulder ADD, IR, elbow extension, pronation, wrist and finger flexion
LE: Hip extension, hip ADD, IR, knee extension, PF, IV