Flashcards in PNF Deck (12):
D1 Flexion UE
GH IR, ABD, and extension --> GH ER, ADD, and flexion
D1 Flexion LE
Hip IR, ABD, and extension --> Hip ER, ADD and flexion
D2 Flexion UE
GH IR, ADD, and extension --> GH ER, ABD, and flexion
D2 Flexion LE
Hip ER, ADD, and extension --> Hip IR, ABD, and flexion
Slow isotonic shortening contraction through the range followed by eccentric lengthening contraction with the same muscle groups.
Indication: weak postural muscles, inability to eccentrically control body weight during movement transitions
Indication: stimulate afferent nerve endings and facilitate postural extensors to promote stability
Contract - Relax
Isotonic movement in rotation followed by an isometric hold of the range limiting muscles in the antagonist pattern against slowly increasing resistance, then passive motion and active contraction of the agonist pattern
Indication: limited ROM caused by muscle tightness or spasticity
Hold - Relax
Isotonic contraction of the agonistic pattern against against slowly increasing resistance, followed by a voluntary relaxation and passive movement into the newly gained range of the agonist pattern.
Indication: limitations in ROM due to muscle tightness, spasm, or pain
Repeated isotonic contractions induced by a quick stretches and enhanced by resistance performed through the range or part of the range at a point of weakness
Indications: weakness, incoordination, muscle imbalance, lack of endurance
Voluntary relaxation followed by passive movement through increasing ROM followed by active-assisted contractions progressing to resisted isotonic contractions.
Indications: spasticity, rigidity, hypertonicity, inability to initiate motion, motor learning deficits, communication deficits
Simultaneous isometric contractions of both agonist and antagonist patterns performed without relaxation using careful grading resistance. Co-contraction of opposing muscle groups.
Indications: instability in weight-bearing and holding, poor antigravity control, weakness, ataxia, limited ROM caused by muscle tightness, painful muscle splinting