Neurological Pathology Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Neurological Pathology Deck (14):
1

What are side effects of brain herniation

headache
vomiting
decreased consciousness
ocular defects

2

What is the difference between a cerebral infarction and a cerebral hemorrhage

Cerebral infarction = loss of blood flow to an area of the brain
Cerebral hemorrhage = bleeding within the brain

3

What are Transient ischemic attacks (TIA)

warning signs of cerebrovascular accidents (strokes) that cause confusion, difficulty communicating, typically no long term dysfunction.

4

What are the different types of cerebrovascular accidents

hemorrhagic stroke
thrombotic stroke
embolic stroke

5

what causes most hemorrhagic strokes

hypertension causing an aneurysm, then that aneurysm burst and hemorrhages.

6

what is the difference between a thrombic stroke and an embolic stroke

thrombus that blocks the arteries forms inside the artery
embolus that blocks the vessels forms outside the vessel that it blocks

7

what are the different types of aneurysms

saccular/berry aneurysms
fusiform/giant aneurysms

8

what is the difference between a closed and open trauma

closed means the trauma didn't cause the dura to break, open is when the dura is broken

9

how do you distinguish between different grade of concussions

Grade 1 - momentary amnesia
Grade 2 - retrograde amnesia
Grade 3 - retrograde and anterograde amnesia
Grade 4 - loss of consciousness

10

What are diffuse axonal injuries

axon damage (shaking/shearing) shaking baby syndrome

11

What does brudzinkskis test help us diagnose

meningitis

12

What causes Dolls eyes, or responds to the caloric reflex test

encephalitis (inflammation of the brain substance)

13

what is a glioma

tumor of Astrocytes. oligodendrocytes, or ependymal cells

14

what is a medulloblastoma

tumor of the cerebellum