New Criminology Theory on Crime Flashcards Preview

AQA Sociology Crime and Deviance > New Criminology Theory on Crime > Flashcards

Flashcards in New Criminology Theory on Crime Deck (7)
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What are the similarties between Traditonal Marxism and New Criminology theories on crime?

Capitalist society is based on expolitation and class conflict - characterised by social inequality.
State makes and enforces laws in the interests of the powerful and criminalises the w/c.
Capitalism should be replaced with a classless society - would reduce or even eradicate crime.

How do Taylor, Walton and Young critcise Traditional Marxism?


Criticise Tradtional Marxism for being determistic. As they argue capitalism itself causes crime as an economic necessity forcing w/c into criminality. They alos reject the claim that crime is caused by external factors such as anomie, subcultures, labelling, biological factors.


Why do people commit crim according to Taylor, Walton and Young?


They take voluntaristic approach (acknowledge free will). See crime as a conscious, deliberate action.


Why do the w/c commmit crime according to Taylor et al?


W/c are politcally motivated to choose utilitarian crime - to redistribute wealth from rich to the poor. Crime is a pro-revolutionary action and w/c choose to commit crime as they are deliberately trying to improve society.


Why is crime positive according to Taylor et al?


See crime a pro-revolutionary - w/c rising up against the r/c. The problem of crime is illusory, only a problem to the r/c, and their interests, rather than a problem for society as a whole.


What is a fully social theory on deviance? (Taylor et al)

  1. Wider origins of the deviant act - unequal and exploitative nature of capitalist society.
  2. Immediate origins of the deviant act - context in which the deviant act happened.
  3. The act itself and its meaning to the deviant - what act was committed and why was the act committed.
  4. The immediate origins of societal reaction - different responses to deviance from different people, e.g. police, family - is the deviant labelled by those groups as deviant or not.
  5. Wider origins of reactions to deviance - law creation and enforcement, media responses.
  6. Effects of the societal reaction on deviant - labelling theory and its consequences - are they labelled and does this self fulfilling propehecy happen.

What is the evaluation for the New Criminology theory on crime?


Feminists accuse Taylor et al of being gender-blind - ignoring female crime.
Taylor et al romanticise w/c criminals + represent them as modern day Robin Hoods when most crime is intra-class.
Ignore the effects of crime on the victims.
Bruke - claims that their positive view of crime does not help us reduce crime rates.