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Flashcards in Nosocomial infections Deck (12):
1

What classification of organism causes most nosocomial infections

bacterial

2

Nosocomial infections are usually related to the use of _________ and are often preventable

medical devices

3

List some major sites of nosocomial infection

UTI
surgical wound
lower respiratory
bacteremia
C diff colitis

4

There is a different spectrum of organisms in the _____, including more antibiotic resistant organisms

ICU

ex pseudomonas, MRSA, coag - staph, toxigenic c diff, enterococcus, legionella, candia, aspergillus, fusarium, HBV, rotavirus

5

2/3 of all nosocomial infections occur in an _____ and there is a 10x higher rate of bacteremia

ICU

6

List some of the medical devices most closely linked with nosocomial infection

endotracheal tubes
urinary catheters
central line catheters

7

List major risk factors for nosocomial infection

understaffing
overcrowding
surgery
exposure to antibiotics

8

List some strategies for prevention of nosocomial infection

restrict use of invasive devices
use aseptic technique
hand hygiene
patient isolation procedures
HEPA filters for transplant patients

9

________ is a disinfectant that has been shown to be highly effective in reducing device related infections

chlorhexidine

- daily sponge bath, impregnanted site dressings

10

How are water supplies treated to prevent water borne transmission of Legionella

copper silverionization

11

List three ways to prevent surgical infections

antibiotic prophylaxis before surgery
perioperative hyperoxygenation
intensive insulin therapy of critically ill patients

12

List some procedures to minimize ventilator device infections

semi recumbent positioning
circuit condensate removed by heat moisture exchange
noninvasive technology when possible
wean off devices asap
oral care with chlorhexidine