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Flashcards in nutrients Deck (12)
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1

what is nutrition

obtaining nutrients to provide energy to maintain life functions and matter to create and maintain structure

2

what is energy

the capability of a physical system to do work

3

what are autotrophs

use simple organic molecules such as water and CO2 to manufacture energy containing complex or organic compounds

4

what are heterotrophs

depends on autotrophs for food supple. they consume complex organic food material which must be broken down before use

5

what are the two different types of autotroph

photosynthetic
chemosynthetic

6

how does a photosynthetic autotroph make food

green plants build up complex molecules such as sugar from CO2 and water. light is the source of energy for the production of food

7

how does a chemosynthetic autotroph make food

use energy derived from special methods of respiration to synthesis organic food. chemical activity is the source of energy for the production of organic compounds

8

what are the four different types of hetertrophs

saprophytes, holzoic, parasites and mutualism

9

how do saprophytes feed

secrete enzymes onto the food material outside the body and then absorb the soluble product across the cell membrane by diffusion. this is known as extracellular digestion
secrete enzymes such as protease, amylase from the very tip of the structure called the hypha
absorbed by the diffusion across the cell membrane
when products are absorbed they can either be used immediately or transported all over the mycelium
important in globular systems as they decompose dead plant matter such as leaf litter and recycle nutrients such as nitrogen

10

how do holzoics feed

take food in and break it down by the process of digestions
most have a specialised digestive system
digestive material is then absorbed into the body tissue
herbivores = solely plant material
carnivores = feed on other animals
detrivores = animals that feed on dead or decaying material

11

how do parasites feed

feed on or in living organisms. the host always suffers harm to some degree
highly specialised and show considerable adaptation to their particular way of life

12

how do mutualists feed

close association between members of two different species
but both derive some benefit from the relationship
e.g. the digestion of cellulose by micro-organisms in the gut of a herbivore