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GI 3 > Nutrition > Flashcards

Flashcards in Nutrition Deck (20):
1

requirements of a trauma patient

- high calorie, high protein diet

2

omega fatty acids

- helps lower TGs and decreases inflammation
- sources: salmon, tuna, walnuts, flax, sardines

3

indications for parenteral nutrition

- nonfunctioning gut

4

requirements for diverticulosis

- high fiber diet

5

requirements for diverticulitis

- low fiber diet

6

definition of fad diets

- bans or touts a specific food or food group
- suggests that food can change body chemistry
- blames specific hormones for weight problems
- claims sound too good to be true
- promises a quick fix

7

obesity BMI for all age groups

>30

8

underweight BMI for all age groups

<18.5

9

normal BMI for ppl over 18

between 18.5 and 30

10

healthy BMI for ppl over 65

24-29

11

overweight BMI for ppl 18-64

25-29.9

12

overweight BMI for ppl 65+

29.1-29.9

13

DASH diet

- Consume 2-3 servings of low fat dairy
- 4-5 fruits
- 4-5 vegetables
- 1500 mg of sodium
- high potassium, magnesium and calcium

14

celiac foods to avoid

- Barley, oats, rye, wheat

15

refeeding syndrome

- metabolic consequence of depletion and repletion of nutrients
- Shift of stored fat to carb as primary fuel
source increases insulin and causes a
decrease of magnesium, potassium,
phosphorus and glucose.

16

potential cause of fibromyalgia

- vitamin D defect

17

recommendation for vitamin D

- 400 IU

18

best known probiotic

- lactobacillus acidophilus

19

gastric bypass qualifications

- BMI >40 or BMI 35-40 with comorbities

20

BMI calculation

– (Weight in lbs/Height in inches/Height in inches) * 703