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Amy's Nursing 50B > Nutrition > Flashcards

Flashcards in Nutrition Deck (25):
0

Define basal metabolic rate.

The energy needed to maintain life sustaining activities for a specific period of time at rest

1

Define resting energy expenditure (REE).

Resting metabolic rate; the amount of energy that an individual needs to consume over a 24 hour period for the body to maintain all of its internal working activities while at rest

2

Which nutrient is your main source of energy?

Carbohydrates

3

How many kcal per gram of carbohydrate?

4 kcal/gram

4

Which nutrient is necessary to maintain nitrogen balance?

Protein

5

How many kcal per gram of protein?

4 kcal/gram

6

What are the different classifications of fats?

Saturated, polyunsaturated, monounsaturated

7

How many kcal per gram of fat?

9 kcal/gram

8

What purpose do vitamins serve?

They are essential for metabolism

9

What purpose do minerals serve?

They act as catalysts in enzymatic reactions

10

Which organ is the primary site of absorption?

Intestines

11

What is food called as it moves through the GI system?

Chyme

12

Define DRIs.

Acceptable ranges of quantities of vitamins and minerals for each gender and age group

13

Define ovolactovegetarian.

Vegetarian that avoids meat, fish, poultry, but eats eggs and milk

14

Define lactovegetarian.

Vegetarian that drinks milk but avoids eggs

15

Define vegan.

Consumes only plant foods

16

Define fruitarian.

Consumes fruit, nuts, honey and olive oil

17

What degree should you have the HOB elevated to for a patient with continuous feeding?

30-45 degrees

18

How often should you check tube placement?

Every 4-6 hours

19

How often should you check gastric residual volume?

Every 4 hours

20

What is the leading cause of mortality in the US?

Cardiovascular disease

21

Which standardized tests can be used to evaluate a patient's nutritional status?

Subjective global assessment (SGA; used in the outpatient setting) and Mini-nutritional assessment (MNA; used in home care, nursing homes and hospitals)

22

What is the usual gastric pH of a patient who has fasted for at least 4 hours?

1-4

23

What is the usual pH of fluid from a nasointestinal tube of a fasting patient?

Greater than or equal to 6

24

What is the usual gastric pH of a patient on continuous tube feeding?

Greater than or equal to 5