Flashcards in Nutrition Deck (27):
What are some sources of water?
What are some functions of water?
maintains body temperature
What proportion of an animals body is water?
90% or less
What is nutrition?
Science that deals with nutrients in food and feed as they relate to health and life.
What are major classes of nutrients?
What are major functions of nutrients?
production of milk, meat, wool
regulate body processes
Plants vs animals, regarding CHO?
Plants are high, animals are low
Plants vs animals, regarding cell walls?
Animals- lipid and proteins
Plants vs animals, regarding skeletal?
Plants vs animals, regarding energy stores?
Animals- fat and glycogen
All animals depend upon nutrients derived by what?
What is photosynthesis?
Where sunlight turns water and carbon dioxide into sugar
Carbohydrates contain what?
Carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen
Carbohydrates include what?
sugars, starches, and cellulose
What are monosaccharides?
What is a polysaccarharides?
A major source of animal carbohydrates
What is a disaccarhide?
common form of carbohydrates
What is sucrose?
glucose and fructose
What is maltose?
glucose and glucose
What is lactose?
glucose and galactose
What is cellulose?
primary carbohydrate in forages
What is hemicellulose?
secondary carbohydrate in fiber.
What are functions of carbohydrates?
provide energy for body processes surplus CHO is converted to fat
What are some functions of crude fiber?
source of heat and energy
helps maintain muscular tone in digestive tract
helps prevent bloat
built from amino using a peptide bond
contain an amino group
contain a carboxyl group
There is approximatley how many amino acids in protein?