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Flashcards in NZ IFR Deck (41)
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1

With regard to RNP, what is the definition of cross-track error and how does it relate to the navigation accuracy for the procedure?

Cross track error = the RNAV computed flight path and the aircraft position relative to the flight path.

Cross-track error should be limited to half the navigation accuracy of the procedure e.g. RNP1 max deviation 0.5NM

2

Can a departure with a visual segment be conducted at night?

No, unless the visual segment is to be flown at night and is annotated on the respective chart

3

What are the requirements for a pilot using a secondary or grass runway for take off for an IFR flight?

The runway has a promulgated IFR take off minimum.

Day only

Pilot maintains own terrain clearance until established on the departure procedure

can maintain an adequate climb gradient to ensure obstacle clearance

4

When departing in an evaluated climb sector, unless otherwise specified, an aircraft on a departure must reach a height of _________ or higher above aerodrome level before commencing a turn.

400ft

5

When departing in an evaluated climb sector, if an aircraft is required to cross through two or more sectors to intercept the departure, what climb gradients applies and when do they apply?

The higher climb gradient applies from take off

6

You are departing in an evaluated climb sector and the aircraft is required to depart on a radial dividing two sectors one of which is standard 3.3%. The aircraft is required to climb at the higher climb gradient or the lower climb gradient?

The lower sector graident

7

Calculate the ft per minute requirer to maintain a 4% gradient at 180kts

(GSx1.013 )x gradient= vs


(180x1.013) x 4= 728

8

Vat cat B

91-120

9

Vat Cat C

121-140

10

Initial approach speed Cat B

120-180

11

Initial approach speed Cat C

160-240

12

Final approach speeds Cat B

85-130

13

Final approach speed Cat C

115-160

14

Max circling speed Cat B

135

15

Max circling Cat C

180

16

Max speed missed approach Cat B

150

17

Max missed approach speed Cat C

240

18

How can an aircraft with an approach speed of 90-110kts adjust procedural timing?

2 min may be increased to 2.5

3 min may he increased to 4 min

19

Can outbound time or DME distances be shortened on an instrument approach?

Yes provided that the wind velocity at different altitudes has been confirmed by an immediately proceeding instrument approach and applicable descent rates can be maintained during final approach

20

Tracking outbound on an approach which is both time and DME limited, when is the inbound turn started?

At the limit that is reached first e.g. DME or time

21

What is the terrain clearance on a DME arc?

1000ft over terrain 2.5nm each side of the arc ENR 4.14.3e

22

When can a pilot descend below DA, DH, MDA?

When using normal descent rates and manoeuvring, within the circling area, with appropriate visibility for the approach, visual reference with

Approach lighting
Threshold marking
Threshold lights
Runway end identifier lights
VASI
touchdown zone markings
Runway markings or lights

23

What is the terrain clearance and required climb gradient on a missed approach?

98ft
2.5%
ENR 4.17.9

24

What are the circling areas radius for
CAT A
CAT B
CAT C

CAT A 1.68
CAT B 2.66
CAT C 4.2

25

When an aircraft is cleared for an instrument approach under radar, except where otherwise instructed the aircraft may descend to a minimum initial approach altitude of?
5

Altitude on the:
STAR
RNAV arrival
Route MSA
25nm MSA
TAA
VORSEC chart

26

When an aircraft is not under radar control the minimum initial approach altitude will must be the higher of?
2

The minimum procedural commencement altitude shown on the instrument approach chart

MSA for the route sector (lower of MSA for the route

VORSEC chart steps

25nm MSA diagram

GNSS approved TAA altitude

27

When can a pilot make a visual approach?

The pilot specifically states request visual approach

Can maintain visual reference with terrain

The reported ceiling is above the approved initial approach level for the aircraft so cleared or;

The pilot reports at the initial approach level or any time during the instrument approach procedure that condition permit a visual approach and a landing is likely

28

Conditions required for ATC to broadcast conditions suitable for a visual approach?

16km vis

Ceiling is 1000ft above the minimum radar vectoring alt or the instrument MPCA

29

What is a visual arrival?

Pilots continue tracking, minimum alt and dist requirements of the procedure except ATC may amend altitude requirements.

30

To conduct a visual approach at night the pilot must?

Have in sight the RUNWAY LIGHTS all other lights insufficent