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Flashcards in Obedience Deck (29)
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1

Define the term obedience

Following orders or commands from people in authority

2

Define the term authority

A level of status or power

3

Define the term defiance

Resisting orders or commands from people in authority

4

Define the term denial of responsibility

Blaming actions on a higher authority rather than accepting the blame yourself

5

What four factors does the situational factors theory suggest affects the level of obedience?

Setting
Authority
Consensus
Culture

6

Define the term consensus

When everyone agrees on something

7

What are three main criticisms of the situational factors explanation of obedience?

- It ignores the role of personality in obedience
- Research into situational factors can often be unethical
- A lot of the research lacks ecological validity

8

Define the term dispositional factors?

Factors that are associated with someones personality in obedience

9

Define the term authoritarian personality?

Someone who is more likely to obey to commands/orders

10

What did Bickman Aim to find out?

If a persons uniform/appearance affects someone's level of obedience

11

What method did Bickman use in his study?

A field experiment

12

How many participants took part in the study?

153

13

What was the sampling technique?

Opportunity sampling

14

Where did the study take place?

On a street in Brooklyn, New York

15

What was the independent variable?

Whether one of the three confederates wore the uniform of a guard, a milkman, or a civilian

16

What the dependent variable?

Someone's level of obedience towards the confederates in uniform

17

What 3 instructions did the experimenters ask the participants?

- Pick up litter
- Give a dime to a stranger
- Stand on the other side of a bus stop

18

What percentage of participants obeyed the guard?

89%

19

What percentage of participants obeyed the milkman?

57%

20

What percentage of participants obeyed the civilian?

33%

21

What did Bickman conclude from the results?

Someones uniform/appearance affects the level of obedience shown towards them

22

What are the methodological limitations of this study?

- The study cannot be generalised as it only took place in New York
- The study used opportunity sampling
- They only used male confederates
- As it was a field experiment, there was a lack of control over extraneous variables.

23

What real life situation can research into obedience be applied to?

- Prisons
- Schools
- Armed forces

24

How is research into obedience relevant to schools?

There needs to be a level of obedience in schools for them to function effectively

25

How is order maintained in schools?

Students are punished/given sanctions when they do not obey someone in authority (teachers)

26

How is research into obedience relevant to the armed forces?

Its important to understand the hierarchy of the armed forces to understand how it works effectively e.g what would happen to a soldier if they disobey the general?

27

How is authority maintained in the armed forces?

Those higher in power in the armed forces wear a different uniform than the soldiers

28

How is research into obedience relevant to prisons?

There needs to be a level of obedience in prisons for it to function effectively and safely

29

How is order kept in Prisons?

- By giving punishments to inmates who do not obey orders
- By separating the prisoners to avoid consensus, and as a result, disobedient
- Uniform of the guards to show authority