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Flashcards in Ophtalmology Deck (88)
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1

middle aaged man who has to hold books at an arm legnth to read DX

presbyopia

2

physiopatho of presbyopia

lens elasticity problem

3

Quid of stye

acute small swelling along the margin of upper eyelid

4

bug causing stye

sta[hyolococcal abcess of the eyelid

5

first line rx of stye or hordeolum

warm compress

6

if failure after 48 h of Rx with warm compress for stye next step(2)

incision
drainage

7

visual loss with sensation of a curtain falling down

amaurosis fugax

8

cause of amaurosis fugax

retinal artery emboli(atherosclerosis)

9

clue for retinal artery emboli

zone of whitened edematous retina following distribution of retinal arterioles

10

clue primary open glaucoma(2)

cupping of the optic disc
constricted peripheral vision

11

rx of primary open glaucoma

timolol
laser trabeculoplasty

12

failure with laser trabeculoplasty in primary open glaucoma

surgical trabeculotomy

13

conditions predisposing to subconjonctival hemorrage(4)

rubbing eyes vigorously
coughing spell
HTA
coagulopathy

14

patient with grippe develops dischrage in the eye dx

viral conjonctivitis

15

rx of viral conjonctivitis(2)

cold and moist compresses
or antihistaminic

16

purulent discharge in eyes

bacterial conjonctivitis

17

bug involved in viral conjunctivitis

adenovirus

18

rx of bacterial conjuntivitis in lens wearer

quinolones

19

patietn with hyperosmolar hyperglycemia develops loss of vision why(2)

hyperosmolarity causes intraaccular hypotension
myopic increase in lens thickness

20

hiv patient with painfull loss of vision

HSV retinitis

21

painless keratinitis and retinitis in HIV patient bug in cause

CMV

22

sudden loss of vision with dilated pupil , painfull

acute angle closure glaucoma

23

rx of acute angle closure glaucoma

acetazolamide

24

definitive rx of acute angle closure glaucoma

laser peripheral iridotomy

25

lens wearer with red eyes bug en cause(2)

pseudomonas
serratia

26

quid of conjounctivitis in lens wearer(3)

medical emergency
remove lens
topical antibio

27

med used to reduce intraoccular pressure in glaucoma(4)

mannitol
acetazolamide
timolol
pilocarpine

28

what drug should not be used in glaucoma

atropine

29

why atropine should not be used in glaucoma(3)

its a mydriatic
pupil is in mydriasis during acute glaucoma
can worsen glaucoma

30

sudden loss of vision with floating debris on ophtalmoscopy

vitreous hemorrage