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Flashcards in Genitourinary Deck (312)
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1

finding in renal biopsy in MPGN

dense deposit in glomerular basement membrane

2

quid of dense deposit

C3

3

Physiopatho in MPGN

persistent activation of alternative pathway of complement

4

quid of nephritic factor

IGG against c3 convertase

5

clue for MPGN

Hematuria and SN

6

action of cyclosporin

inhibits interleukin 2 transcription

7

what s the most common side effect of cyclo

nephrotoxicity

8

how nephrotoxicity induced by cyclo manifest

hyperkalimia
Hus sometimes

9

side effect of cyclo to remember(5)

nephrototoxycity
tremor
hta
gum hypertrophy
hyperkaliemia

10

Mycophenolate side effect

marrow suppression

11

azathioprine side effect(3)

diarhee
leukopenia
hepatotoxicity

12

patient with autosomal dominant polykystic renal disease with intracerebral hemorrrage,why

rupture of berry aneurism

13

most common extra renal manif of ADPKD

Hepatic cyst

14

other extra renal manif of ADPKD(3)

Mitral valve prolapse/aortic regurgitation
colonic diverticula
abdominal wall hernia or inguinal hernia

15

urinalysis sign of nephritis

WBC cast

16

patient on cephalexin develops dark urine

drug induced intersticial nephritis

17

hallmark of drugs induced intersticial nephritis(2)

eosiniphiluria
hypereosniphilie

18

treatment of drug induced intersticial nephritis

stop the offending agent

19

the first phenomenon occuring in diabetic

glomerular hyperfiltration

20

why GFR increases in diabetics patient

because of glomerular hypertrophy

21

perio to have high GFR in diabetic patient

0-5 ans

22

laps of time to have microalbuminuria

5-10 years

23

why you will have microalbuminuria

mesangial expansion

24

quid of arterial hyalinosis

thickening of the basement membrane=mesangial expansion

25

what will happen after ten years in diabetics patient(2)

mesangial nodule
(kimmelstiel nodules disease)
tubulointersticial fibrosis
nephrotic syndrome avec low GFR

26

what can you have during mesangial expansion

HTA

27

quid of glomerulosclerosis

tubulointersticial fibrosis

28

hallmark of renal problem in diabetics patient

microangiopathy

29

risks factor for diabetics nephropathy

bad glycemia control
HTA
smoking
age
ethnicity

30

what nationality is a risk fector for diabetic nephropathy

mexican
african american