Orientation Flashcards Preview

From Flashcardlet > Orientation > Flashcards

Flashcards in Orientation Deck (35)
Loading flashcards...
1

ventral

bottom of the animal so bottom side of head, tail or body

2

Dorsal

top of the animal so top side of head, body and tail also upper surface of the foot

3

cranial

towards the head

4

caudal

towards the tail

5

proximal

towards the top of a limb

6

distal

towards the bottom of the limb

7

Rostral

towards the nose on the head

8

median plane

plane through the middle of the animal cranial to caudal

9

transverse plane

from dorsal to ventral of animal

10

lateral

away from the midline

11

medial

towards the middle of animal along the median plane

12

dorsal planes

plane laying flat from cranial to caudal

13

sagittal planes

same as median plane however not in the center

14

Labial surface

the tooth surface facing the lips

15

buccal surface

the tooth surface facing the cheek

16

occlusal surface

masticatory surface - comes into contact with teeth on opposite jaw

17

lingual surface

or glossal - the teeth that faces the tongue used for both upper and lower arcade

18

Palatine surface

the teeth of the upper arcade that faces the palate

19

interproximal/interdental surface

the tooth surface facing adjacent teeth

20

mesial surface

the tooth surface facing towards the midline

21

distal surface

the tooth surface away from the midline

22

what are veterinary position terms based on

plantigrade - palms of hand and toes on the ground - stance with all limbs in pronation

23

define the terms - planta, pronate, supinate

planta - sole of the feet
pronate - turn towards/inwards
supinate - turn outwards

24

palmar/plantar

palmar - bottom surface of foot in forelimb
plantar - bottom surface of the foot in the hind limb

25

superficial

towards the surface

26

axial

in line with the middle of the body or in the center deep in the middle of the limb

27

appendicular

towards the appendages

28

abaxial

away from the axial and have to use medial and lateral

29

visceral

towards the viscera - all organs within body cavities

30

parietal

towards the enclosing body cavity