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Flashcards in Orthopedics Deck (22):
0

Brachial plexus injury associated with Horners

Klumpke's

1

Brachial plexus injury that affect shoulder, elbow (C5, C6)

Erb's

2

Brachial plexus injury that affect hand, wrist (C7-8, T1)

Klumpke's

3

Intoeing less than 1 year of age

Metatarsus adductus

4

Intoeing 1-3 years of age

Medial tibial torsion

5

Intoeing 3-9 years

Medial femoral torsion (can sit in W position)

6

Genu Varum

Bowlegs (normal until 2 years of age)

7

Tibia vara

Blount's Disease

8

Abnormal growth of medial proximal tibial growth plate causing genu varum

Blount's disease

9

Obese toddler with severe bowing

Blount's disease

10

Genu Valgum

Knock knees

11

Painful limp or refusal to walk in 3-6 year old. Often URI symptoms, usually not febrile

Transient synovitis of the hip (must rule out septic arthritis)

12

4-8 year old, short, Caucasian male with painless limp

Legg Calve Perthes disease

13

Child in early puberty with hip pain

SCFE

14

To diagnose SCFE order:

AP and frog leg lateral X-rays

15

Fixed kyphosis in older adolescent (T8-9)

Scheurmann's Disease

16

Stress fracture through the pars interarticulatis from repeated hyperextension

Spondylolysis

17

Forward displacement of vertebral body

Spondylolisthesis

18

Typically doesn't present with back pain

Idiopathic scoliosis

19

3 year old with difficulty climbing and getting up off the floor. Extraocular muscles intact.

Duchenne muscular dystrophy

20

Overuse syndrome characterized by pain over heel, (can be bilateral), toe walking, tight Achilles' tendon, and positive calcaneal compression test (pain produced by medial and lateral compression of the heel)

Sever disease (tx with stretching, heat, rest, heel cups and supportive shoes. NSAIDs minimally effective).

21

Pseudohypertrophy of calf muscles and Gowers sign

Duchenne muscular dystrophy