Orthopedics, Osteopathy, and Body Regions- Unit 4 Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Orthopedics, Osteopathy, and Body Regions- Unit 4 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Orthopedics, Osteopathy, and Body Regions- Unit 4 Deck (120):
1

combining form for bone

osteo

2

combining form for bone marrow or the spinal cord

myelo

3

prefix for difficult or poor

dys

4

combining form meaning gray

polio

5

suffix referes to changes in number and forms of cells

plasia

6

suffix refers to changes in size of cells and organs

trophy

7

suffix refers to original growth of cells and organs

genesis

8

combining form used to build word about inflammation of the tendons

tendino

9

combining form used to build the terms for pain in tendons

teno

10

combining form refers to the bursae

burso

11

combining form for cartilage

chondro

12

combining form used in words about the ribs

costo

13

prefix for between

inter

14

combining form for tooth

dento

15

combining form meaning straight

ortho

16

combining form means shaped like a tooth

odonto

17

prefix meaning around or near

peri

18

combining form used to build words about the lower back

lumbo

19

combining form for chest or thorax

thoraco

20

prefix that means on, higher in position, over or above

supra

21

combining form for pubis

pubo

22

combining form for pelvis

pelvi

23

suffix meaning an instrument used to measure

meter

24

prefix that means from or away from

ab

25

prefix means towards

ad

26

combining form used to form words about the abdomen

abdomino

27

combining form for the amnion

amnio

28

combining form for urinary bladder

cysto

29

prefix for water or fluid

hydro

30

suffix meaning abnormal fear

phobia

31

surgical puncture of the abdomen to remove fluid

abdominocentesis

32

move away from the midline

abduct

33

movement away from the midline

abduction

34

wandering from normal location, process, or behavior

aberrant

35

deviating from the average or expected

abnormal

36

habitual attraction, may include physical dependence

addiction

37

tissues grown together that are normally separate

adhesions

38

surgical puncture of the amnion to obtain cells for testing

amniocentesis

39

inflammation of a joint

arthritis

40

surgical repair or reconstruction of a joint

arthroplasty

41

instrument used to look into a joint

arthroscope

42

incision into a joint

arthrotomy

43

serous sac between a tendon and bone

bursa

44

excision of a bursa

bursectomy

45

inflammation of a bursa

bursitis

46

surgical puncture of the heart to remove fluid

cardiocentesis

47

cartilage pain

chondralgia

48

excision of cartilage

chondrectomy

49

pertaining to cartilage and rib

chondrocostal

50

excision of rib

costectomy

51

herniation of the urinary bladder

cystocele

52

surgical repair of the urinary bladder

cystoplasty

53

process of examining the bladder using a scope

cystoscopy

54

incision into the urinary bladder

cystotomy

55

tooth pain

dentalgia

56

specialist in care of teeth

dentist

57

resembling a tooth

dentoid

58

poor or defective development

dysplasia

59

study of the origin of a disease

etiology

60

tissue that connects muscle to muscle

fascia

61

break or crack

fracture

62

serous fluid accumulation in a saclike cavity

hydrocele

63

fluid in the skull causing deformity and brain damage

hydrocephalus

64

fluid-filled sac

hydrocyst

65

abnormal fear of water, rabies

hydrophobia

66

therapy using water

hydrotherapy

67

abnormally increased development referring to quantity of cells

hyperplasia

68

pertaining to between the cartilage

interchondral

69

pertaining to between the ribs

intercostal

70

pertaining to between the teeth

interdental

71

posterior thoracic curvature

kyphosis

72

tissue that connects bone to bone and supports visceral organs

ligament

73

pertaining to the lower back, between the thorax and sacrum

lumbar

74

inflammation of the meniscus

meniscitis

75

excision of the meniscus of the knee

meniscectomy

76

bone marrow cells

myelocytes

77

defective development of the bone marrow or spinal cord

myelodysplasia

78

dental practice of straightening teeth

orthodontics

79

dentist specializing in straightening teeth

orthodontist

80

physician specialist in treatment of skeletal and joint disorders

orthopedist

81

pertaining to appliances used to support muscoloskeletal system

orthotics

82

specialist who develops and assists patients with orthotics

orthotist

83

inflammation of the bone

osteitis

84

inflammation of the bone and joint

osteoarthritis

85

disease of bone and joint

osteoarthropathy

86

inflammation of the bone and cartilage

osteochondritis

87

bone tumor

osteoma

88

softening of the bone

osteomalacia

89

inflammation of the bone and bone marrow

osteomyelitis

90

pertaining to the practice of osteopathic physicians or bone disease

osteopathic

91

disease of the bones

osteopathy

92

loss of bone

osteopenia

93

porous condition of the bone due to deterioration of bone matrix

osteoporosis

94

the bony structure including the ilium, ischium, pubis, sacrum, and coccyx

pelvis

95

cancer of the bone

osteosarcoma

96

around the heart

pericardium

97

around the cartilage

perichondrium

98

around the tooth

periodontal

99

dentist specializing in treatment of diseased tissue around the teeth

periodontist

100

around the bone

periosteum

101

inflammation of gray matter of the spinal cord

poliomyelitis

102

artificial limb or other body part replacement

prosthesis

103

pertaining to prostheses

prosthetics

104

specialist who develops and assists patients with prostheses

prosthetist

105

pertaining to the pubis, bone in the lower anterior pelvis

pubic

106

study of rheumatic disease

rheumatology

107

above the ribs

supracostal

108

above or on top of the skull

supracrainial

109

above the lumbar spine

supralumbar

110

above the pubis

suprapubic

111

tendon pain

tenalgia

112

inflammation of a tendon

tendinitis

113

tissue that connects muscle to bone

tendon

114

surgical repair of a tendon

tendinoplasty

115

surgical puncture of the thorax to remove fluid

thoracocentesis

116

pertaining to the chest and lower spine

thoracolumbar

117

instrument used to measure the chest

thoracometer

118

disease of the chest

thoracopathy

119

incision into the thorax

thoracotomy

120

chest, area of the back posterior to the chest

thorax