Anatomic Terms- Unit 9 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Anatomic Terms- Unit 9 Deck (146):
1

combining form for dorsal

dorso

2

combining form for ventral

ventro

3

combining form for anterior

antero

4

combining form for posterior

postero

5

combining form for cephalic

cephalo

6

combining form for caudal, caudad

caudo

7

combining form for medial

medio

8

combining form for lateral

latero

9

combining form for superior

supero

10

combining form for inferior

infero

11

combining form for proximal

proximo

12

combining form for distal

disto

13

combining form for sagittal

sagitto

14

combining form for coronal

corono

15

combining form for naval

omphalo

16

suffix meaning toward

ad

17

prefix meaning in front of

pro

18

combining form for air

aero

19

combining form for color

chromo

20

word root meaning attracted to or loves

phil

21

suffix meaning labor

tocia

22

suffix means the act or condition of stopping or controlling

stasis

23

suffix meaning pregnancy

cyesis

24

prefix means false

pseudo

25

combining form for wall

parieto

26

combining form for organs

viscero

27

prefix for outer-outside

ecto

28

prefix for inner-inside

endo

29

prefix for middle

meso

30

prefix for backward-behind

retro

31

prefix for near

para

32

prefix for first

proto

33

resisting color

chromophilic

34

requiring air to live

aerobic

35

herniation containing air

aerocele

36

abnormal fear of air

aerophobia

37

treatment using air

aerotherapy

38

cessation of menstruation

amenorrhea

39

able to live without air

anaerobic

40

front and side

anterolateral

41

front and middle

anteromedial

42

from front to back

anteroposterior

43

front and top

anterosuperior

44

control of glow through arteries

arteriostaiss

45

underarm, armpit

axillary

46

study of what is good and bad for living things

bioethics

47

science studying living things

biology

48

embryonic disk that gives rise to the endoderm, mesoderm, and extoderm

blastoderm

49

toward the tail

caudad

50

toward the head

cephalad

51

from head to tail

cephalocaudal

52

defective development of cartilage

chondrodysplasia

53

formation of color

chromogenesis

54

destruction of color

chromolysis

55

measuring color

chromometer

56

attracting color

chromophilic

57

pertaining to the crown or encircling

coronal

58

pertaining to the crown or encircling

coronary

59

identifying a disease

diagnosis

60

separating of substances in a solution

dialysis

61

abnormally loose watery bowel movement

diarrhea

62

away from a point of origin or designated point

distal

63

toward the back of the head

dorsocephalad

64

inflammation of the intestine

dysentery

65

difficult or painful menstruation

dysmenorrhea

66

poor digestion

dyspepsia

67

difficulty breathing

dtspnea

68

difficulty in labor

dystocia

69

outside the cell

ectocytic

70

outer embryonic layer

ectoderm

71

formed outside the body

ectogenous

72

outside of the normal location

ectopic

73

outer membrane of the cell

ectoplasm

74

inner membrane layer of the heart

endocardium

75

within the cartilage

endochondral

76

inflammation of the lining of the colon

endocolitis

77

inside the urinary bladder or inside a cyst

endocystic

78

inner embryonic layer

endoderm

79

inflammation of the lining of the small intestine

endoenteritis

80

made by ones own body

endogenous

81

process of using a scope to look into the body

endoscopy

82

choosing good genetic traits to propagate

eugenics

83

good digestion

eupepsia

84

easy breathing

eupnea

85

easy death

euthanasia

86

easy labor

eutocia

87

control blood flow

hemostasis

88

overdevelopment

hyperplasia

89

below

inferior

90

side

lateral

91

surgical crushing of a stone

lithotripsy

92

control or stoppage of lymph flow

lymphostasis

93

middle

medial

94

cessation of menstruation, ovulation, and atrophy of female reproductive system

menopause

95

hemorrhage during menstruation

menorrhagia

96

menstruation, menses: plural and singular

menses

97

middle germ layer

mesoderm

98

middle of the armpit

midaxillary

99

the plane dividing the body into equal right and left halves

midsagittal

100

surgical crushing of a nerve

neurotripsy

101

excision of the umbilicus

omphalectomy

102

pertaining to the umbilicus

omphalic

103

inflammation of the umbilicus

omphalitits

104

umbilical hernia

omphalocele

105

hemorrhage of the umbilicus

omphalorrhagia

106

discharge from the umbilicus

omphalorrhea

107

rupture of the umbilicus

omphalorrhexis

108

defective development of bone and cartilage

osteochondrodysplasia

109

inflammation of near the appendix

para-appendicitis

110

pertaining to near the center

paracentral

111

inflammation near the vagina

paracolpitis

112

inflammation near the urinary bladder

paracystitis

113

inflammation near the liver

parahepatitis

114

inflammation near the kidney

paranephritis

115

pertaining to the wall

parietal

116

membrane of the abdomen

peritoneum

117

control of flow through a vein

phlebostasis

118

membrane of the lungs

pleura

119

from back to front

posteroanterior

120

back and outside

posteroexternal

121

back and inside

posterointernal

122

back and side

posterolateral

123

in front of the head

procephalic

124

predicting the outcome of a disease

prognosis

125

pertaining to a prognosis

prognostic

126

near the point of origin or a designated point

proximal

127

false pregnancy

pseudocyesis

128

false cyst

pseudocyst

129

false swelling

pseudoedema

130

false sensation

pseudoesthesia

131

behind the colon

retrocolic

132

bending backwards

retroflexion

133

behind the peritoneum

retroperitoneum

134

inflammation of the area behind the peritoneum

retroperitonitis

135

behind the sternum

retrosternal

136

twisting backwards

retroversion

137

vertical plane or slice, divides into left and right

sagital

138

objective observable information

signs

139

above

superior

140

subjective self reported information

symptoms

141

abnormal fear of syphilis

syphilophobia

142

severe mental condition caused by untreated syphilis

syphilopsychosis

143

treatment for syphilis

syphilotherapy

144

front

ventral

145

organs

viscera

146

membrane surrounding and attached to the lung

visceropleura