Osteology Flashcards Preview

Biology 101 > Osteology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Osteology Deck (44)
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depression and openings

sites allowing passage of soft tissue (nerves, blood, vessels, ligaments, tendons) or formation of joints

1

fissure

a narrow cleft-like opening between adjacent parts of bones through which blood vessels or nerves pass

2

fontanel

a space between skull bones at birth, filled with dense fibrous connective tissue

3

foramen

an opening through which blood vessels nerves or ligaments pass

4

fossa

a depression in or on a bone

5

suclus

a groove that accommodates a soft structure such as blood vessel, nerve or tendon

6

meatus

a tube like passage within a bone

7

processes

projections or outgrowth on bone that form joints or attachment points for connective tissue

8

condyle

a large rounded articular prominence

9

facet

a smooth flat surface

10

head

a rounded articular projection supported on the constricted portion (neck) of a bone

11

crest

a prominent border or ridge

12

epicondyle

a prominence above the condyle

13

linea

a less prominent ridge than a crest

14

spinous process

a sharp slender process

15

trochanter

a very large projection found only on the femur

16

tubercle

a small rounded process

17

tuberosity

a large rounded usually roughened process

18

axial skeleton

consists of bones that lie around the longitudinal axis

19

face (skull)

14 bones

20

cranuium (skull)

8 bones

21

hyoid (axial)

1 bone

22

auditory ossicles (axial)

6 bones
-ears (hammer, anvil, stapes)

23

verterbral column (axial)

26 bones

24

sternum (throax) (axial)

1 bone

25

ribs (thorax) (axial)

24 bones

26

appendicular skeleton

contains the bones of the upper and lower limbs, plus the bones responsible for connecting the limbs to the axial skeleton

27

upper limbs (appendicular)

humerus - 2 bones
ulna - 2 bones
radius - 2 bones
carpals - 16 bones
metacarpals - 10 bones
phalanges - 28 bones

28

pelvic girdle (appendicular)

hip, pelvic, and coxal bone - 2 bones

29

lower limb (appendicular)

femur - 2 bones
fibula - 2 bones
tibia - 2 bones
patella - 2 bones
tarsals - 14 bones
metatarsals - 10 bones
phalanges - 28 bones