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Flashcards in OTC Deck (17):
1

Neurotoxicity drugs for lice

Permithrin
Lindane

2

Non neurotoxicity treatment for life

Isopropyl Myristate

3

Patient with lice and seizure history should NOT be treated with

Lindane

4

Flu symptoms

Fever, headache, muscle aches, fatigue

Runny nose, sore throat, cough

5

SPF = Sun Protection Factor

The time skin covered with sunscreen takes to burn compared to time taken for unprotected skin.

Min erythematous UV energy in protected skin/ Min erythematous UV energy in Unprotected skin

6

Examples of COC

Alesse
Yasmin
Tricycles

7

What is the treatment of Viral warts .

Salicylic acid
Salicylic acid + Lactic acid
Dimethyl ether/ propane - Cryotherapy
Acitretin-Oral retinoids
Cimetidine - Oral (4 times daily for 3 months)
Dinitrochlorobenzene- to induce allergic Rx
Bleomycin - intralesion
Interferon - intralesion

8

List all the treatments for Scabies?

Permethrin 5% DOC

Lindane 1% Lotion

Crotamiton 10%

Sulfur 10% ( small or Pregnant)

9

Management of diaper rash

Mild: petrolatum, Zno, Silicone (dimethicone, dimethyl polysiloxane"
Red papules: add antifungal clotrimazole, miconazole, nystatin

Complicated: hydrocortisone

10

List the different medication classes used to treat constipation?

1. Bulk forming agents
2. Osmotic agents
3. Stimulants
4. Saline laxatives
5. Stool softness
7.Lubricants
8. 5HT4 antagonist-prucalopride
9. Mu antagonist- Methylnaltoxone

11

What is the treatment of Hemorroids

Anti-inflammatory- Hydrocortisone 0.5%
Astringent -Zno, Calamine,
Anesthetic- Dibucaine, pramoxine
Antiseptic- Domiphen
Protectant- glycerine, white petrolatum, Zno
Vasoconstrictor- phenylephrine
Wound healing-Sharkliver oil, yeast
Analgesic- Menthol, camphor

12

What is the treatment of IBS with Constipation.

Bulk agent ( psyllium, Capolycarbophil)
Bisacodyl
Lactulose
PEG

Not responsive Cl activator-Lubiprostone

13

How to treat IBS with diarrhea

Loperamide
Diphenoxylate + Atropine
Cholestrylamine
Alosetron 📞 (5HT3 antagonist) in females🙎🏻

14

Tegaserod is used for

IBD with constipation
5HT4 agonist ✅

15

Prescription treatment for constipation

Methyl naltrexone -mu antagonist
Prucalopide-5HT4 agonist ✅ in 🚺
Linaclotide- Guanylate Cyclase agonist✅

16

What is used for flatulence

Alpha D galactosidase
Lactase
Simethicone

17

Medication for pin worm

Proper hygiene
Pyrantel pamoate
Pyrivinium pamoate
Piperazine adipate (in pregnant)
Mebendazole