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02 - Axial - Cervical Spine > Other > Flashcards

Flashcards in Other Deck (3)
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1

Vertebral artery

> Branches off subclavian artery
> Travels through foramina transversarium
- lateral masses of C1 = v. lateral so artery has to do 90 degree turn after C2 to reach lateral mass then another 90 degree turn to reach foramen magnum
> Then they connect to form basilar artery = posterior aspect of circle of willis (blood supply to brain)

2

Anterior Triangle of the Neck

> Boundaries
- SCM
- Anterior midline of neck
- lower border of mandible

> Contents
- Carotid artery (pulse)
- Cranial and Cervical Nerves
- Suprahyoid and infrahyoid muscles (swallowing + speech by moving hyoid bone)

3

Posterior Triangle of the Neck

> Boundaries
- SCM
- Trapezius
- Middle 1/3 of clavicle
(apex is at superior nuchal line)

> Contents
- Vessels (jugular vein + subclavian artery)
- Nerves (spinal accessory nerve 11, cervical nerves + brachial plexus)
- Muscles (scaleni, levator scapulae, splenis capitis)