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Flashcards in Overview of Leg Deck (30)
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1

Superficial muscles of the gluteal region?

gluteus maximus, gluteus medius, gluteus minimus, tensor fascia latae

2

Action of superficial muscles of gluteal region?

extensors, abductors and medial rotators of thigh

3

Innervation of superficial gluteal muscles?

innervated by gluteal nerves
gluteus maximum = inferior gluteal
all others = superior gluteal

4

Deep muscles of the gluteal region?

piriformis, obturator internus, gemelli and quadratus femoris

5

Action of deep muscles of the gluteal region?

lateral rotators of thigh and hip stabilisers

6

Innervation of deep muscles of the gluteal region?

nerves from sacral plexus

7

Nerves that enter/exit pelvis via the gluteal region?

Sciatic, pudendal, posterior cutaneous nerve of the thigh

8

Anterior compartment of the thigh flexors?

pectineus, iliopsoas, sartorius

9

Anterior compartment of the thigh extensors?

Quadriceps femoris group
Rectus femoris
Vastus lateralis, intermedius and medialis

10

Innervation of the anterior compartment of the thigh?

all femoral nerve (L2, L3, L4)
except psoas major (L1,L2,L3)

11

Action of medial compartment of the thigh?

Adductors of the thigh

12

Muscles of the medial compartment of the thigh?

adductor longus, adductor brevis, adductor magnus, gracilis, obturator externus

13

Innervation of muscles of the medial compartment of the thigh?

all obturator nerve (L2, L3, L4)
hamstring part of adductor magnus (tibial nerve)

14

Action of posterior compartment of the thigh?

extensors of thigh & flexors of leg

15

Muscles of the posterior compartment of the thigh?

semitendinosus, semimembranosus & biceps femoris
THE HAMSTRINGS

16

Innervation of the posterior compartment of the thigh?

all tibial division of sciatic nerve (L5, S1, S2)
short head biceps femoris (common fibular division of sciatic)

17

Anterior compartment of the leg action?

dorsiflexors of ankle & extensors of toes

18

Anterior compartment of the leg muscles?

tibialis anterior, extensor digitorum longus, extensor hallucis longus, fibularis tertius

19

Innervation of anterior compartment of the leg?

all deep fibular nerve (L4, L5)

20

Lateral compartment of the leg action?

evert foot & weakly plantarflex ankle

21

Muscles of the lateral compartment of the leg?

fibularis longus, fibularis brevis

22

Innervation of the lateral compartment of the leg?

all superficial fibular nerve (L5, S1, S2)

23

Posterior compartment of the leg superficial group action?

plantarflexors of ankle

24

Posterior compartment of the leg superficial group muscles?

gastrocnemius, soleus, plantaris

25

Posterior compartment of the leg superficial group innervation?

all tibial nerve (S1, S2)

26

Posterior compartment of the leg deep group innervation?

tibial nerve

27

Posterior compartment of the leg deep group action?

flexors of toes & plantarflexors of ankle

28

Posterior compartment of the leg deep group muscles?

popliteus, flexor hallucis longus, flexor digitorum longus, tibialis posterior

29

Describe extension and flexion of the hip?

Flexion involves bringing straight leg forward
Extension involves bringing straight leg backwards

30

Describe flexion and extension of the knee

Flexion involves bringing lower leg backwards
Extension involves bringing knee back to normal standing position