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Flashcards in Upper Limb Overview Deck (36)
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1

What is the only bone to bone joint that connects the upper limb to the axial skeleton?

Sternoclavicular

2

The shoulder joint called the _______ joint is _______ than the hip

glenohumoral
shallower

3

The ulna articulates with __1____ and the radius with the ___2_______

1) trochlea
2) capitulum

4

What are the only two carpal bones that articulate with the radius?

scaphoid and lunate

5

___1____ moves over the ____2____ during pronation

1) radius
2) ulna

6

What is the carrying angle?

Intersection of upper arm and forearm when carrying something- elbows stick out slightly to create this angel which stops you hitting pelvis when moving arms when walking.

7

How is thumb movement different from movement of other fingers?

Thumb has ninety degree rotation so flexion is almost out to the side whereas flexing fingers moves them down

8

What joint is really easily dislocated in kids?

Elbow

9

Axio appendicular muscles?

Trapezius, latissimus dorsi, rhomboid minor and major, serratus anterior, pectoralis major and minor

10

Scapula region muscles?

Levator scapulae, rotator cuff muscles.

11

4 rotator cuff muscles?

Supraspinatus
Infraspinatus
Teres minor
Subscapularis

12

What rotator cuff muscles attach to the greater tuberosity?

Supraspinatus
Infraspinatus
Teres minor

13

What rotator cuff muscle attaches to the lesser tuberosity?

Subscapularis

14

Anterior arm compartment muscles?

Biceps brachii
Brachialis
Coracobrachialis

15

Innervation of anterior compartment of the arm?

Musculocutaneous n.

16

Action of anterior compartment of the arm?

Flexion of arm and forearm

17

Posterior compartment of the arm muscle?

Triceps brachii

18

Innervation of posterior compartment of the arm?

Radial nerve

19

Action of posterior compartment of the arm?

Extension of arm and forearm

20

Forearm anterior compartment superficial layer?

Pronator teres, flexor carpi radialis, palmaris longus, flexor carpi lunaris

21

Forearm anterior compartment intermediate layer?

flexor digitorium superficialis

22

Forearm anterior compartment deep layer?

flexor pollucis longus, pronator quadratus, flexor digitorum profundus

23

Innervation of anterior compartment of the forearm?

All Median nerve, except flexor carpi ulnaris and medial half of flexor digitorum profundus (Ulnar nerve)

24

Action of anterior compartment of the forearm?

Flexion of the wrist and digits, pronation, abduction and adduction of the wrist.

25

Forearm posterior compartment of forearm superficial layer?

BRACHIORADIALIS
EXTENSOR CARPI RADIALIS LONGUS
EXTENSOR CARPI RADIALIS BREVIS
ANCONEUS
EXTENSOR DIGITORUM
EXTENSOR CARPI ULNARIS
EXTENSOR DIGITI MINIMI

26

Forearm posterior compartment of forearm deep layer?

Supinator
Extensor pollucis brevis
Extensor pollucis longus
Abductor pollucis longus
Extensor Indicis

27

Innervation of the posterior compartment of the forearm?

All radial nerve

28

Action of posterior compartment of the forearm

Extension of the wrist and digits, supination, abduction and adduction of the wrist.

29

What is the thenar eminence?

group of muscles on the palm of the human hand at the base of the thumb

30

What is the hypothenar eminence?

group of intrinsic hand muscles