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OXYTOCIN (Pitocin)

Name/Class: OXYTOCIN (Pitocin)/Hormone

Description: Oxytocin is a naturally occurring hormone that causes the uterus to contract, thereby inducing labor, encouraging delivery of the placenta, and controlling postpartum hemorrhage.

Indications: Severe postpartum hemorrhage.

Contraindications: Hypersensitivity, prehospital administration before delivery of the infant or infants.

Precautions: Before delivery may induce uterine rupture and fetal dysrhythmias, hypertension, intracranial bleeding, or asphyxia. Uterine tone, ECG, and vital signs should be monitored during administration.

Dosage/Route: 3 to 10 units IM after delivery of the placenta. 10 to 20 units in 1,000 mL of D5W or NS IV titrated to effect.

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