Part 1: Chp. 3 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Part 1: Chp. 3 Deck (96)
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1

kinetic chain

the concept that joints and segments have an effect on one another during movement

2

joint stability

ability to maintain or control joint movement or position, achieved by joint structure (ligaments and joint capsules) and the neuromuscular system

3

joint capsules

a ligamentous sac that surrounds the articular cavity of a freely movable joint

4

pronation

internal rotation of the forearm causing radius to cross diagonally over the ulna and palm to face posteriorly

5

example of pronation in feet

as foot transitions from heel strike to full body weight it pronates and forfeit some stability in exchange for mobility to absorb impact

6

supination

external rotation of the forearm that causes palm to face anteriorly

7

example of supination in feet

as foot pushes off, ankle moves back to supination to become rigid and stable again

8

Shoulder (stability or mobility and name)

glenohumeral for mobility

9

Shoulder Blade (stability or mobility and name)

scapulothoracic for stability

10

Thoracic spine (stability or mobility)

mobility

11

Lumbar spine (stability or mobility)

stability

12

Hip (stability or mobility)

mobility

13

Knee (stability or mobility)

stability

14

Ankle (stability or mobility)

mobility

15

Foot (stability or mobility)

stability

16

Planes of motion

describes anatomical movement in sagittal, transverse and frontal

17

Sagittal Plane

longitudinal plane that divides the body into right and left

18

Frontal Plane

longitudinal section that runs at a right angle to sagittal plane (anterior/posterior planes)

19

Transverse Plane

division of body into superior and inferior parts

20

Superior

upper

21

Inferior

lower

22

joint actions of sagittal plane

flexion, extension, plantar flexion, dorsiflexion

23

joint actions of frontal plane

abduction, adduction, ankle eversion and inversion

24

joint actions of transverse plane

rotation, horizontal shoulder adduction and abduction

25

five primary movement patterns

bend and lift, single leg movements, upper body pushing, upper body pulling, rotational movements

26

Principle of balancing a workout

Cardiorespiratory, strength, flexibility, and neuromuscular

27

agonist

muscle responsible for observed movement

28

antagonist

muscle acts in opposite to contraction

29

carbohydrates

the body's preferred energy source from simple sugars, grains, rice, potatoes, beans
stored of glycogen in muscles and liver that is transported to the blood as glucose which is easy for the body to break down and provide quick energy

30

proteins

a compound composed of 20 amino acids not used for energy