Part 5 Applications and Processes Lesson 17 thru 19 Flashcards Preview

Mac Essentials 10.10 > Part 5 Applications and Processes Lesson 17 thru 19 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Part 5 Applications and Processes Lesson 17 thru 19 Deck (30)
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1

What are the requirements for purchasing applications via the Mac App Store?

an Apple ID, and an Internet connection.

2

In the Mac App Store, how can you verify which Apple ID is being used for purchases?

by selecting Store from the menu bar. You can get more details about this Apple ID by choosing View My Account in the same menu.

3

What are the four primary application environments supported by OS X? *Which ones require an additional download and installation?

1. Native OS X applications, (created using Cocoa)
2. UNIX applications (accessed via Terminal)
3. Java applications, ( cross-platform applications)
4. X Window System applications (run inside UNIX)
*Java application

4

What are the advantages of application sandboxing?

Sandboxed applications are allowed access only to specific items. (They’re otherwise completely cut off from the rest of the system so they can’t cause harm. All Mac App Store applications are required to be sandboxed.)

5

What are the advantages of code signing?

items include a digital signature that the system can use to verify the authenticity and integrity of the application or process and its resources.

6

Which items fall under the file quarantine system?

Any item downloaded using one of the built-in OS X applications will be marked for quarantine. But Third-party applications may not

7

Which three security options does the Gatekeeper system allow? *Which Gatekeeper option is the OS X default?

Restrict software to
1. Mac App Store applications only
2. *Mac App Store and identified developer applications only (default)
3. any application regardless of origin.

8

What are the two primary traditional installation methods in OS X?

1) drag-and-drop installation,
2) as an installation package,

9

Which three methods can be used to uninstall applications?

1) Open Launchpad, hold down the Option key, and click the X button
2) In the Finder, drag the primary application to the Trash and then empty the Trash
3) Use a custom-built uninstaller package

10

In OS X, what’s used to identify the type of application that should open when you double-click a document?

OS X uses a document’s filename extension to determine the document’s type. The Launch Services process maintains a database of installed applications and which document types they’re capable of opening.

11

How do you engage Quick Look? Which applications support it?

By simply pressing the Space bar when a document is selected.
Supported: Finder, Time Machine, Mail, and most open and save browser dialogs.

12

What technology enables Quick Look to preview so many file types?

Plug-ins. (live in Quick Look folders in any Library folder)

13

What’s Auto Save? How can you identify an application that supports Auto Save?

Allows compatible applications to automatically save changes to users’ documents. (A user just saves a document once, then never has to think about saving changes again.) Applications that support Auto Save feature a Duplicate function

14

How deep is the version history of a file when shared via email?

They don’t retain any version history.

15

Which applications can manage document locking?

Any application that supports Auto Save

16

Which ability is lost when you upgrade an older iCloud
account to use iCloud Drive?

You lose the ability to directly access documents from versions of OS X earlier than Yosemite and versions of iOS before iOS 8.

17

Where can you access items saved in iCloud Drive?

In the Finder or in any application that uses the standard OS X Open or Save dialogs.

18

Where do you save documents in iCloud Drive if you want to access them from an iOS device?

iOS 8 devices can access documents in iCloud Drive only if they’re saved in specific application folders. For example, Pages for iOS can access Pages documents only if they’re stored in the Pages folder in iCloud Drive.

19

Where can you adjust application Auto Save and Resume options? (2 places)

From the logout verification dialog.
From General preference by deselecting the option to “Close windows when quitting an application” or you can select the option to “Ask to keep changes when closing documents,” (which turns off the Auto Save feature).

20

What’s protected memory? What’s 64-bit memory addressing?

The system keeps applications from interfering with one another by segregating their memory usage using protected memory. Mac computers with 64-bit-capable processors allow processes to run in 64-bit mode, which allows them to individually access more than 4GB of memory.

21

Why would you want to open an application in 32-bit mode? How is this done?

necessary for a 64-bit application to support older 32-bit plug-ins or application resources. Using the Finder Info window, you can force an application to open in 32-bit mode.

22

App Extensions in OS X Yosemite can add which four types of capabilities?

allow features from an application to extend into:
1) the Finder,
2) the Sharing menu,
3) the Action menu,
4) the Today view in Notification Center.

23

How do you install new app extensions? Once they’re installed, how do you manage app extension visibility?

App extensions are installed automatically because they’re bundled inside the application that’s providing the extension. You can enable or disable installed app extensions from the Extensions preferences.

24

How can you identify which applications are installed on your Mac?

use the System Information application to easily scan all the appropriate application locations and return a list of installed applications.

25

Which application is used to examine open applications on OS X?

The Activity Monitor

26

Which 7 steps should you take when troubleshooting application issues?

1) restarting the application
2) trying another known working document
3) trying another user account
4) checking log files
5) deleting cache files
6) replacing preference files
7) replacing application resources

27

Which three ways can you forcibly quit an application from the graphical interface?

1) from the Apple menu,
2) from the Dock shortcut menu with Control-clicking
3) from Activity Monitor

28

What does the diagnostic reporting feature do?

automatically creates a diagnostic report log any time an application crashes or hangs via Console application.

29

Where are application preferences stored?

Almost always stored in the user’s Library folder in the ~/Library/Preferences folder
(Newer sandboxed applications must always store their preferences in a ~/Library/Containers//Data/Library/ Preferences folder),

30

Which file format is often used for preference files? How can you view the content of this type of file?

property lists: which are XML-formatted files that use the “.plist” filename extension.
files can be viewed using Quick Look, and edited using the Xcode