Pathogen and Associated condition Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Pathogen and Associated condition Deck (11):
1

Respiratory syncytial virus

Bronchiolitis

2

Parainfluenza virus

Croup

3

Rhinovirus

Common cold

4

Influenza virus

Flu

5

Streptococcus pneumoniae

The most common cause of community-acquired pneumonia

6

Haemophilus influenzae

Community-acquired pneumonia
Most common cause of bronchiectasis exacerbations
Acute epiglottitis

7

Staphylococcus aureus

Pneumonia, particularly following influenza

8

Mycoplasma pneumoniae

Atypical pneumonia

Flu-like symptoms classically precede a dry cough. Complications include haemolytic anaemia and erythema multiforme

9

Legionella pneumophilia

Atypical pneumonia

Classically spread by air-conditioning systems, causes dry cough. Lymphopenia, deranged liver function tests and hyponatraemia may be seen

10

Pneumocystis jiroveci

Common cause of pneumonia in HIV patients. Typically patients have few chest signs and develop exertional dyspnoea

11

Mycobacterium tuberculosis

Causes tuberculosis. A wide range of presentations from asymptomatic to disseminated disease are possible. Cough, night sweats and weight loss may be seen