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Flashcards in PE Health and Fitness Deck (28):
1

definition of health

A sate of complete physical, mental and socail wellbeing, not merely the absense of disease or infirmity

2

definition of fitness

the ability to meet or cope with the demands of your enviroment

3

physical reasons to take part in sport

to maintain a good fitness
maintain healthy weight

4

mental reasons to take part in sports

release stress and tension
improved confidence

5

socail reasons to take part in sport

meeting new people
making friends

6

relationships between health and fitness

decreased health because of ill health
health can result in inabilty to train which lowers fitness
increased fitness despite ill health

7

physical health and wellbeing definition

all body systems working well, free from illness and injury, able to carry out everyday tasks

8

mental health and wellbeing definition

where a person realises their full potential, can cope with everyday stress, can work productively and make a contribution to their community

9

socail health and wellbeing definition

basic needs are met and the individual is socially active. they experience little stress in social situations and have friends

10

consequences of a sedentary lifestyle

weight gain
poor-self esteem
hypotension (more pressure on heart)
lethargy
poor sleep
heart disease
diabetes

11

how does obesity affect you physically

movement is difficult and heavy breathing after short amount of excercise

12

how does obesity affect you mentally

fell low and lazy because excercise is very difficult

13

how does obesity affect you socailly

start to feel anxious and less confident so you are less likley to go out and socialise

14

what does a ectomorph somatotype look like

narrow shoulders and hips (skinny) e.g high jumper

15

what does a mesomorph somatotype look like

broad shoulders narrow hips (muscley) e.g gymnast

16

what does a endomorph somatotype look like

wide hips and narrow shoulders (fat) e.g sumo wrestler

17

what is energy measured in

calories

18

average kcal intake for a male per day

2500

19

average kcal intake for a women per day

2000

20

4 things that affect the amount energy required

-age, under 25 need more calories
-height, taller people need more calories
-gender, males need more calories
-energy expenditure, the more you excercise the more energy you need

21

what is energy balance

when you intake about the same amount of calories you burn off

22

why is a balanced diet important

-maintain healthy weight
-reduce the risks of things like heart disease and strokes
-to get the right amount of nutrients so your body can function properly

23

what is the function of carbohydrates ?

provides energy for our bodies

24

what is the function of fats ?

provides energy and insulation for our body

25

what is the function of proteins ?

helps to repair and replace body cells

26

what is the function of vitamins ?

help our body function properly

27

definition of dehydration ?

a harmful reduction of water from a body

28

what happens to your body when you become dehydrated ?

blood thickens
increased heart rate
increased body temperture
increased reaction time
muscle fatigue
dizziness