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Flashcards in sports physocology Deck (38):

6 types of feedback

-knowledge of results
-knowledge of performance
-extrinsic performance
-intrinsic performance


4 types of guidance



what is knowledge of results ?

information from the results they have been given from a performance/ game


what is knowledge of performance ?

information given about there performance from someone else like technique etc.


what is extrinsic feedback ?

information gained from someone outside of yourself e.g coach


what is intrinsic feedback ?

information gained from yourself about your performance e.g how it felt


what is visual guidance ?

being able to see what something should look like and how something is done e.g live demo


what is verbal guidance ?

something being described to you on how something should look or feel and how you do something e.g being told when to take off in a front somersault


what is mechanical guidance ?

using training aid or objects to aid the coaching process e.g the rig in trampolining


what is manual guidance ?

involves a coach physically moving a performer into the correct position or supporting them as they perform the move e.g pushing someone round in a somersault


a positive of each type of feedback

positive - motivates the performer
negative - enables coach to be able to provide guidance on how to correctly perform a skill
knowledge of performance - can be very detailed alot or info
knowledge of results - quick measure of success
extrinsic - begineers need it to be aware of basic skills
intrinsic - can make quick adjustments


a positive of each type of guidance ?

visual- useful for all performers
verbal - good for highlighting key teaching points
manual - performers develop correct feel
mechanical - good for dangerous skills


a negative for each type of feedback ?

positive - performer can feel overly confident
negative - can be demoralising
knowledge of performance - challenging to break performance down
knowledge of results - demotivated as there is only one winner
extrinsic - difficult to get advice from qualified coach
intrinsic -high level of knowledge is needed from the individual


a negative for each type of guidance ?

verbal - can lead to info overload
visual - some skills are too complex to demonstrate
manual - skill can feel different when someone is forcing moving your body
mechanical - equipment may be expensive


what is a skill ?

action or way of behaving that can be learned.


what is a ability ?

different from a skill. something someone is born with. that they inherit. tend to be a relatively stable trait.


what are the skill continuum ?

basic - complex
opened - closed
self paced - externally paced
gross movement - fine movement


what is the difference between basic and complex ?

basic - simple things such as catching or throwing don't take a long time to learn
complex - take a long time to learn requires a lot of concentration and coordination


what is the difference between opened and closed ?

opened - skills affected by the enviroment (different every time)
closed - skills that are not affected by the enviroment ( same every time )


what is the difference between self and externally paced ?

self paced - skill starts when the performer decides to
externally paced - skills that are started in response to an external factor


what is the difference between gross and fine movement ?

gross movement - involves large muscle groups, that create big powerful movements
fine movements - small and precise movements that require high level of accuracy and concentration. small muscles.


what is a performance goal ?

these are personal goals that an individual wants to achieve. based on what they have already achieved or what they want to achieve in the future


what is an outcome goal ?

these are focused on the end results.


what is information processing ?

name given to the process that a performer goes through when they make and act on decisions.


4 stages of information processing?

decision making


what is input ?

data recieved from the display e.g tennis ball being hit towards you.


what is decision making ?

data is analysed and a appropriate response is selected. from memory.


what is output ?

the decision is acted on


what is feedback ?

data received in response to the output.


what is arousal ?

physical or mental state of alertness or readiness.


what is the inverted U theory ?

graph that states that an optimal performance occurs when a performer reaches an optimal level of arousal.


ways the manage arousal ?

- deep breathing
- mental rehearsal
- positive self talk


what is direct Aggression ?

aimed directly at other players and involves physical contact.


what is indirect aggression ?

does not involve direct physical contact towards other player. aggression is taking out on object e.g football.


2 types of personality types ?

- introverts
- extroverts


what is an introvert ?

tend to be shy quiet and passive usual prefer to take part in individual sports.


what is a extrovert ?

tend to be social, active and outgoing. who usually prefer team sports.


2 types of motivation ?

intrinsic - drive that comes from within, personal pride
extrinsic - drive to do well or win for external awards e.g trophies.