Pedatric Calculations - Exam 1 Flashcards Preview

SEMESTER FOUR!! Nursing 214 > Pedatric Calculations - Exam 1 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Pedatric Calculations - Exam 1 Deck (14):
1

1,000 grams is how many kg?

1 kg

2

1 gram is how many mL?

1 mL

3

Normal specific gravity for children

1.005-1.015

4

Elevated specific gravity

points to dehydration

5

Decreased specific gravity

Points to kidney issues

6

For a client who is not toilet trained, how can accurate urine output be measured?

Weigh diapers with urine and subract weight of dry diaper

U-Bags (urine bags)

Urinary Catheter

7

What do you do if the diaper has both urine and stool?

Mark volume under urine and indicate on I&O that it included stool

Describe color, amount, consistency under stool output

8

What are the rules for obtaining body weight?

Naked (for infant) or in same clothes

Early/Same time

Same scale

9

How would the nurse restrain an infant, toddler/preschooler, older child for painful procedures?

Infant: modified mummy restraint aka swaddling

Toddler/preschooler: bend over child's body, holding extremities firmly

Older child: Use a second person to help hold child still, stabilize involved extremities

10

Minimum Fluid Requirement Formula

0-10kg                       100 mL/kg

  11-20kg                        50 mL/kg  

   21-70kg                         20 mL/kg

                           71+ kg              2500/24 hr(adult requirement)

           

11

How many meals does the day shift have?

2

12

How much of the daily enteral requirements should be planned for the day shift?

2/3

13

Safe Dose

The maximum amount of medication that can be given, either in a day or at a single administration time or both

14

How much flush (or primary fluid for intermittent infusion) would you use for syringe tubing?

4 mL

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