Lab Values Flashcards Preview

SEMESTER FOUR!! Nursing 214 > Lab Values > Flashcards

Flashcards in Lab Values Deck (68):
1

Normal BP

100-119/50-79

2

Pre-hypertension

120-139/80-89

3

Hypertension

≥140/≥90

4

Othostatic BP

A decline in BP of 10-15 mm Hg in systolic and diastolic BP with a concurrent 10 or more beats, rise in pulse, when the client changes position from supine to standing

5

Normal Adult Fluid Requirement

2,500 mL/24 hours

6

Urinary Output

≥ 30 mL/hr

7

Semi Fowler's

30-45°

8

High Fowler's

90°

9

Infant heart rate and respiratory rate

80-150 bpm

25-55 breaths/min

10

Toddler Heart Rate and Respiratory Rate

70-110bpm

20-30 breaths/minute

11

Preschooler Heart Rate and Respiratory Rate

65-110/20-25

12

School aged heart rate and respiratory rate

60-95 bpm

14-22 breaths/minute

13

Adolescent Heart Rate and Respiratory Rate

55-85 bpm

12-18 breaths/minute

14

Maximum amount of solution that can be administered into one adult injection site

2 mL SC

3 mL IM

Maximum amount of solution that can be administered into an adult deltoid injection site is 2 mL

 

15

IM needle gauge and needle length

21-23 gauge

1" - 1.5"

16

SC needle gauge and needle length

25-30 gauge

1/2"-5/8" length

17

Maximum potassium PO dosage

40 mEq/dose

18

Maximum dose of potassium periperal IVPB

10 mEq/50-100 mL infused with EID over 1 hour

19

Maximum dose central IVPB potassium

20 mEq/50-100 mL infused with EID over 1 hour

20

K

3.5-5 mEq/L

21

Na

135-145 mEq/L

22

Cl-

95-105 mEq/L

23

Albumin

3.5-5 gm/dL

24

Pre albumin

17-40 mg/dL

25

Ca++

9-11 mg/dl

26

Mg+

1.5-2.5 mEq/L

27

BUN

10-30 mg/100 mL

28

Cr

0.6-1.5 mg/100 mL

29

Phosphorous

2.8-4.5 mg/dl

30

Ammonia

30-70 mcg/dl

31

Chloesterol

140-200mg/dl

32

HDL male

>45 mg/dl

33

HDL female

>55 mg/dl

34

LDL

< 130 mg/dl

35

BNP

< 100 pg/mL

36

D-dimer

negative

37

TSH

0.4-4.2 mU/L

38

Hct

35-50%

39

Hbg

12-18g/100mL

40

RBC

3.5-5 million/mm3

41

WBC

5000-9000/mm3

42

Platelet count

150-400,000/mm3

43

PT (prothrombin time)

12-15 sec

44

PTT (activated partial thromboplastin time)

24-36 sec

45

INR

1-1.4

46

Therapeutic INR for anticoagulation

2-3

47

Arterial pH

7.35-7.45

48

PaCO2

35-45 mm/Hg

49

PaO2

75-100 mm Hg

50

bicarbonate

24-30 mEq/L

51

Oxygen Saturation

92-100%

52

pH of urine

4.5-8

53

Normal Adult Specific Gravity

1.010-1.025

54

Normal Pedatric Output

1-2 mL/kg/hr depending on age and hydration status

 

1 gram = 1 mL of urine

55

Normal Pedatric Specific Gravity

1.005-1.015

56

Fluid Requirement Calculation for peds

0-10 kg → 100 mL/kg

11-20 kg → above plus 50mL/kg

21-70 kg → above plus 20 mL/kg

71+ → 2500 ml/24 hour (adult requirement)

57

Normal BMI

19-24.9

58

Obese BMI

>30

59

Underweight BMI

<19

60

Overweight BMI

25-29.9

61

JVD

<3cm at 30° head elevation

62

Pr Interval

0.12-0.20

63

QRS

≤0.12

64

Hypoxemic Respiratory Failure

PaO2 ≤60mmHg on 60% O2

65

Hypercapnic respiratory failure

PaCO2 >45mmHg and pH  <7.35

66

Mild neutropenia

1000-1500 cells/microL

1-1.5

67

Moderate neutropenia

500-1000 cells/microL

0.5-1

68

Severe neutropenia

Fewer than 500 cells/microL

<0.5

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