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Flashcards in Pediatric Practice Deck (22)
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1

define pediatric disability

a disability is an environmentally contextuallized health related limitation in a childs existing or emergent capacity to perform developmentally appropriate activities and participate as desired in society

2

what are common disabling conditions in pediatric settings

visual impairments
hearing impairments
developmental disabilities
psychiatric disorders
blood and immune respiratory disorders
diabetes
cardiovascular
musculoskeletal disorders
cancer

3

what will a child with moderate or mild vision impairment need to function

how about with severe visual impairments

large print items and images enlarged

computer software to speak the text

4

rts should be aware that nearly __% of youth with hearing impairments are in need of mental health support or have experienced abuse

40%

5

developmental disabilities are present when

at birth or prior to age 18

6

what do developmental disabilities include

learning
cerebral palsy
muscylar dystrophies
spina bifida
spinal muscular atrophie s
specific speech articulation disorder

7

what are childhood psychiatric disorders

anxiety disorders
attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
conduct disorder
oppositional defiant disorder
tic disorder
reactive attachment disorder
non-suicidal self injurious behaviour

8

what is a child metabolic disorder

diabetes

9

what are the differences between type I and type ii diabetes

type 1 = occurs when the body cannot produce enough insulin
complex autoimmune disorder that affects youth chronic condition that requires the child to wear an insulin pump or receive insulin shots on a daily basis

type 2 = typically occurs due to poor nutrition and obesity and can almost always be managed with lifestyle changes

10

what cardiovascular and respiratory disorders occur in pediatric care

rheumatic heart disease
kawaski disease
asthma
cystic fibrousis

11

what are musculoskeletal disorders in pediatric care

clubfoot
scholiosis
hip dysplasia
sustained injuries

12

what are life shortening conditions

the vast majority of children with life shortening conditions never step foot inside a hospice (only 20% do)

13

what is life threatening illness

are those that actively and continually threaten the persons life for which may be considerable and effective treatment, yet cure is either unlikely or not necessarily guaranteed and or death is inevitable
this means diseases or conditions where the likelihood of death is high

14

what are examples of life threatening illness

cancer motor neurone disease and AIDS

15

children in long term remission or following successful curative treatment are

not included in the category of life threatening illness

16

the terms life shortening condition are used to describe

an incurable condition that will shorten a persons life though they may continue to live active lives for many years

17

what are examples of life limiting or shortening conditions

heart failure, lung disease, neurological conditions such as parkinsons and multiple sclerosis and cystic fibrosis

18

what are cancers most commonly found in children

leukemia = bone marrow
lymphomas= lymphocytes
neuroblastoma= nerve tissue
brain tumors= brain
osteosarcoma = immature bone under 25 more males then females
rhabdomyosarcoma= soft tissue like muscle or connective tissue or bone

19

what is cystic fibrosis

most common fatal genetic disease affecting young Canadians oldest living = 37 years

multi organ disease affecting primarily the lungs and the digestive system

20

what is congenital heart disease

congenital anomalies of the heart commonly occurring birth defect
85% of children with CHD do have a shortened life span

21

what is treatment for children with congenital heart disease

minor=none
medical or surgical treatment within first year of life done by
pediatric cardiologists
pediatric heart surgeons

post treatment includes regular visits with a pediatric cardiologist and some physical activities might be limited either during recovery or through the life course

22

what is the primary purpose of RTs in pediatric care

to identify improve and or enhance the functional abilities and independence of the children through leisure and play as well as reduce or eliminate the effects of illness or disability