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Flashcards in Seizure Disorders Deck (23)
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1

define seizures

refers to an involuntary spasm or contraction of muscles

2

define epilepsy

seizures are a symptom of epilepsy
and epilepsy is defined as having at least two seizures

3

what is epilepsy

the brain has an underlying tendency to produce sudden bursts of electrical energy that disrupt other brain functions

4

when does seizures occur

believed to occur when a group of abnormal brain cells fire at the same time

5

epilepsy is a symptom of a neurological disorder which means

a disorder that affects the brain and shows itself in the form of seizures

6

epilepsy is a disorder not a disease

it is not contagious

7

prevalence of epilepsy estimates for epilepsy consistently have ranged from ___to___% of the general population and in Canada approximately ___%has epilepsy

0.5-1.5

0.6

8

what is the idiopathic cause of epilepsy

in 50% of all cases the cause of epilepsy is idiopathic or unknown

9

what are the most common causes of epilepsy

brain tumor
stroke
head trauma
injury
infection
or systemic illness of the mother during pregnancy
brain injury to infant during delivery
poisoning
substance abuse of alcoholism

10

what are some of the old outdated classification system for epilepsy

grand mal
petit mal
jacksonian
jackknife
psychomotor seizures

11

what is a partial seizure

occur when the discharge from the abnormal brain cells remains in only one section of the brain
partial seizures can be classified into two distinct divisions - elementary and complex

12

what is elementary partial seizures

involve only one section of the brain and the person does not lose consciousness.

13

what is complex partial seizures

involve parts of the brain that control thought processes. the person is not unconscious but experiences reduced consciousness. the person may make senseless movements such as walking around while pulling at his or her clothes smacking his or her lips or speaking in an unintelligible manner. the seizures generally last only a few minutes and may be followed by confusion

14

what are generalized seizures

there is a loss of consciousness
if the loss is brief the seizure is called a petit mal or absence seizure

15

the absence seizure generally lasts

a few seconds and usually consists of the staring or rolling back of the eyes

16

another type of generalized seizure is the

tonic-clonic
the person typically loses consciousness stiffens all over has jerking movements of the arms and legs and has loss of urine. at onset the person temporarily stops breathing and the skin may become pale or bluish
the usual time of the seizure is 2-3 minutes and following the seizure the person is often sleeping and has muscle soreness

17

what events may trigger a seizure

stress, poor nutrition, flickering lights, skipping meals, illness, fever and allergies, lack of sleep, emotions such as anger worry or fear, heat/humidity

18

what is the major form of treatment

long term drug therapy
brain surgery is recommended only when medication fails

19

with medication approaximalty ___% of people with epilepsy are seizure free, and about 20-35% have fairly good control

50%

20

epilepsy and psychopathology

individuals with epilepsy are commonly considered to be at high risk of psychological and psychiatric disturbances (20-30% have disturbances)

21

as many as ____ of individuals with autism spectrum disorder also have epilepsy

1 third

22

RTs who work with those with seizures typically focus on a

secondary diagnosis (autism, psychiatric, physical disability)

23

when working with clients with epilepsy RTs need to

remain aware of certain activity limitations that may apply to clients
be aware of medication side effects
know appropriate procedures for handling seizures that may occur during activities