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Z A Pharm III > Penicillins > Flashcards

Flashcards in Penicillins Deck (23):
1

What is MOA penicillin

inhibit cell wall formation

2

What is bacteria MOR for penicillin

B-lactamase inactivates B-lactam

3

What are the penicillin types

Narrow spectrum pen
Penicillinase-Resistant Pen (anti-staph)
extended spectrum pen
- amino-penicillins
- anti-pseudomonal penicillins
- B-lactamase inhibitor combos

4

What penicillins fight strep bacteria

all

5

What penicillins don't work on staph bacteria

Narrow spectrum
amino-penicillins

6

what penicillins work on MRSA

none

7

What penicillins don't work on Enterococcus

Penicillinase-resistant

8

What penicillins don't work on H. flu

Narrow
Penicillianse-resistant

9

What penicillins don't work on Neisseria

Penicillinase-resistant

10

What penicillins work on M. Cat

Amino-penicillin & B-lactamase inhibitors
antipseudomonal penicillins
anti-pseudomonal penicillin & B-lactamase inhibitors

11

what penicillins don't work on EKPs

Narrow
penicillinase-resistant

12

what penicillins work on ESPs

antipsudomonal & B-lactamase inhibitors

13

what penicillins work on pseudomonal aeurginosa

antipseudomonal
antipseudomonal & B-lactamase inhibitors

14

What pencillins work on B. frag

Amino-penicillin & B-lactamase inhibitors
anti-pseudomonal penicillin & B-lactamase inhibitors

15

What is the narrow spectrum penicillin and common uses

Penicillin V
- Strep pharyngitis
- Syphilis (Treponema pallidum)

16

What is the penicillinase-resistant penicillins and common uses

Nafcillin
Dicloxacillin
- skin infections due to staph

17

what are the amino-penicillins and common uses

amoxicillin
- otitis media
ampicillin

18

what are the amino-penicillins & B-lactamase inhibitor and common uses

Amoxicilin/Clavulanate
- anaerobic infections

19

What are the anti-pseudomonal penicillins

piperacillin
ticarcillin

20

What are the anti-pseudomonal penicillins & B-lactamase inhibitor and common uses

piperacillin-tazobactam
- empiric broad spectrum coverage

21

What are penicillin adverse effects

diarrhea
allergic reaction - rash
neutropenia
thrombocytopenia

22

What are penicillin contraindications & clinical issues

hypersensitive to PCN
renal dysfunction
strep pneumo resistant to pen
MIC > 50% for penicillin success

23

What penicillins work on atypicals

none