Personality Disorders Flashcards Preview

Behavioral Science > Personality Disorders > Flashcards

Flashcards in Personality Disorders Deck (20)
Loading flashcards...

Definition of ___:
An enduring, repetitive pattern of perceiving, relating to, and thinking about the environment and oneself.

Personality Trait



Definition of ___:
Inflexible, maladaptive, and rigidly pervasive pattern of behavior causing subjective distress and/or impaired functioning; person is usually not aware of problem. Usually presents by early adulthood

Personality Disorder

significant distress


Definition of ____:
characterized by irrational suspicions and mistrust of others.

What cluster?

Paranoid personality disorder

Cluster A


Paranoid personality disorder patients are at risk of what four things?

What drug can be used for these?

at risk for agoraphobia, major depression, OCD, and
substance abuse.



Definition of __:
–lack of interest in social relationships, seeing no point in sharing time with others
–appear indifferent to the praise or criticism of others and often seem cold or aloof
–marked by little pleasure in activities
–lacks close friends or confidants other than first‐degree relatives

What cluster?

Schizoid personality disorder (schizoiD = distant)

Cluster A


Definition of __:
• characterized by odd behavior or thinking.
• Ideas of reference (ie, believing that public messages are directed personally at them)
• Odd beliefs or magical thinking
• Vague, circumstantial, or stereotyped speech
• Excessive social anxiety that does not diminish with familiarity
• Idiosyncratic perceptual experiences or bodily illusion

What cluster?

Schizotypical personality disorder (schizoiTypical = magical Thinking)

Cluster A


What cluster?
odd or eccentric; inability to develop meaningful social relationships. No psychosis; genetic association with schizophrenia.

Cluster A


What cluster?
Dramatic, emotional, or erratic; genetic association with mood disorders and substance abuse.

Cluster B


What disorder:
pervasive disregard for the law
and the rights of others, impulsivity.

Common in M or W?
At risk for?
What if

Antisocial personality disorder

at risk for substance abuse


Cluster B


What disorder: extreme "black and white“ thinking, instability in relationships, self‐image, identity and behavior Self-risk behaviors (drug, driving recklessly, sex). Self mutilation, suicidality, sense of emptiness.


What is often in hx of patient?

M or W?

What cluster?

Borderline personality disorder

Buzzwords: expectant feelings of abandonment, feelings of emptiness, manipulative, intense anger.


Often victims of sexual abuse or emotional abuse.

Cluster B


What disorder: pervasive attention‐seeking
behavior including inappropriate sexual seductiveness and shallow or exaggerated emotions. Overly concerned with appearance.

What cluster?

Histrionic personality disorder

cluster B


What disorder: a pervasive pattern of grandiosity, need for admiration, and a lack of empathy. Often demands the "best" and reacts to criticism with rage.

What cluster?

Narcissistic personality disorder

cluster B


Define splitting and what personality disorder it occurs in.

Borderline Personality Disorder: will often "split" staff members/providers against each other.


What cluster:
Anxious or fearful; genetic association with anxiety disorders.

Cluster C personality disorder


What disorder: social inhibition, feelings of inadequacy, extreme sensitivity to negative
evaluation and avoidance of social interaction.

What cluster?

Avoidant Personality Disorder

Cluster C


What disorder: pervasive psychological dependence on other people (i.e. to make decisions).

What cluster?

Dependent Personality Disorder

cluster C


What disorder: characterized by rigid conformity to rules, moral codes and excessive orderliness

What cluster?

Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder (not OCD)

cluster C


Formerly known as multiple personality disorder. Presence of 2 or more distinct identities or personality states. More common in women. Associated with hx of sexual abuse, PTSD, depression, substance abuse, borderline personality, somatoform conditions.

Dissociative identity disorder


Therapy for:
borderline personality disorder v. all other personality disorders.

-borderline - Dialectic Behavior Therapy (DBT)
-all other - Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT)


Prognosis of Clusters - which are worst/best?

Cluster A and B personality disorders tend to become less severe and intense in middle age
and late life (cluster B personality disorders have worst prognosis).

Cluster C characteristics tend to become exaggerated in later life.