Flashcards in Schizophrenia and Other Psychotic Disorders Deck (17)
Schizophrenia prognostic variables
1% of population
Positive symptoms - less ominious
Negative symptoms - poor prognosis (along with poor cognitive performance, poor support, younger onset, insidious onset, premorbid-schizoid,schizotypal, few friends, minimal social activities)
Precipitating events in schizophrenia
psychosocial stressors, traumatic events, drug and alcohol abuse, (cannabis incr. 6x risk)
MoA of schizophrenia
Increased dopamine in neuronal tracts, blocking pathways.
Increased 5HT, NE.
Decreased GABA and glutamate.
Features of schizophrenia: describe.
-Form of thought - loosening associations, poverty of content and speech, thought blocking (talk nonstop and then STOP)
-Content of thought - delusions
-Perceptual disorders - hallucinations (what type?)
loosening of associations - connections among ideas are absent/obscure
hallucinations - auditory or visual
affect - blunted/flat/inappropriate
describe four positive symptoms associated with schizophrenia
delusions, hallucinations, catatonia, agitation
describe four negative symptoms associated with schizophrenia
affective flattening, apathy, social withdrawl, anhedonia, pverty of thought, content of speech
Describe DSM5 dx of schizophrenia
2 or more sx for most of 1 mon5h of: delusions, hallucinations, disorganzied speech, grossly disorganized or catatonic behavior, negative symptoms. **Duration of at least 6mo of persistent symptoms.
What three actions should be taken in a hospital if a schizophrenic is violent/has hx of violent acts.
RESTRAINTS, then IM lorazepam or haloperidol (anti psychotics)
What drug reduces suicidal ideations?
AE - agranulocytosis
Weight gain due to what anti-psychotic drugs?
~pines - olanzapine, quetiapine
AE of ant-psychotic ziprasidone
What is this: uninterrupted period of illness with either a major depressive episode or manic episode concurrent with symptoms that meet criterion A for schizophrenia. Same period of illness, have been delusions or hallucinations for at least 2 weeks in absence of prominent mood symptoms.
What is this:
duration of an episode (delusions, hallucinations, disorganzied speech, grozzly disorganized or catatonic behavior) at least 1 day and no more than 1 month, with eventual return to premorbid level of functioning.
Brief psychotic disorder
***Less than 1mo
What meets criteria for schizophrenia, but lasts **between 1-6 months**?
What is the time frame for delusional disorder?
at least 1 mo
time frames for:
brief psychotic disorder
schizophrenia - >6mo
brief psychotic disorder less than 1mo