Pharm Ch 1 Flashcards Preview

Principles Of Respiratory Care II > Pharm Ch 1 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Pharm Ch 1 Deck (38)
Loading flashcards...
1

What are Aerosolized agents?

Group of aerosolized drugs that are instilled directly intro the trachea.

2

What are the categories of aerosolized drugs?
(7 types)

-adrenergic
-anti-cholenergic
-anti-asthmatic
-mucoactive
-corticosteroid
-anti-infective
-surfactant

3

What is airway resistance?

Measure of airway impedance

4

What is a brand name or trade name of a drug?

It's a proprietary name given by the manufacturer.

Brand name and trade name are the same.

5

Chemical name?

Name derived form chemical structure.

6

COPD?

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder.

-airflow limitation that is not fully reversible and progressive.
-associated with abnormal inflammatory response of the lung.

7

Code name of a drug?

Name assigned by A manufacture to an experimental chemical that could be a new drug.

8

Drug administration?

Method by which a drug is made available to the body.

9

Generic name of a drug?

Name assigned to a chemical by U.S. Adopted name council when it shows to have therapeutic use and the drug company want to sell it.

10

Non-proprietary name of a drug?

Name of the drug other than it's tradename.

11

Official name of the drug?

-after the drug is fully approved for use and entered into the national formulary.

-the drug's generic name becomes official name.

12

Orphan drugs?
(2 reasons of importance)

Drug or biological products for the diagnosis or treatment of a rare disease
-affecting fewer than 200,000 people
-with no reasonable expectation of recovering cost of drug development but treats specific disease

13

Pharmacodynamics?

Dynamic is the drug on the body
dynamic DOB

14

Pharmacogenetics?

Study of the interrelationships between drugs and genetic differences

15

Pharmacokinetics?

Kinetic BOD
The effect of the body on the drugs

16

Pharmacology?

Study of drugs

17

Therapeutics?

Art of treating disease with drugs

18

What is phase 1 new drug approval?

Drug is administered and researched on a small group of a healthy volunteers

19

What is phase 2 new drug approval

Drug is investigated and administered to a small number of individuals with the disease

20

What is phase 3 new drug approval

Drug is administered to a large number of individuals with the disease. Multi center studies

21

What are over-the-counter drugs?

-drugs that have strength less than prescription formulation.
-yet still can have a hazardous affects if taken haphazardly

22

Why would you choose genetic over brand-name prescriptions?

-Cost associated with brand-name drug marketing.
- brand-name invested more money then generic brand name company

23

What are anti-infective agents

Antibiotics or antituberculosis drugs

24

What is an example of neuromuscular blocking agent?

Chariform agents

25

What is an example of CNS agents?

Analgesics and sedatives

26

What is an example of antiarrhythmic agents?

Cardiac glycosides and lidocaine

27

What are antihypertensive and Anti-anginal agents.

Beta blocking or nitroglycerin

28

What are examples of anticoagulant or Thrombolytic agents

Heparin or streptokinase

29

What are example of diuretics

Thiazides or furosemide

30

What are the purpose of beta adrenergic agents?

Relaxation the bronchial smooth muscle and bronchodilation.
-COPD
-asthma
-CF
-acute bronchitis