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Flashcards in Pharynx Deck (38):
1

The area where the fossa of Rosenmuller is located

A. oropharynx
B. nasopharynx
C. laryngopharynx
D. pyriform fossa

B

2

Which of these forms the Waldeyer’s ring?

A. Lingual tonsil
B. Pharyngeal tonsil
C. Palatine tonsil
D. All of the above

D

3

Lymphatic drainage of the upper part of the pharynx

A. Upper set, deep cervical
B. Retropharyngeal
C. Upper set, superficial cervical
D. Submaxillary

A

4

Well-developed in children, producing adenoids, atrophied in adults; drained by retropharyngeal nodes

A. pharyngeal tonsils
B. palatine tonsils
C. lingual tonsils
D. laryngeal tonsils

A

5

The pharyngeal venous plexus communicates with this plexus and ends in the IJV near the jaw.

A. carotid
B. vertebral
C. pterygoid
D. temporal

C

6

The widest part of the pharynx

Part opposite to the hyoid

7

Width of the widest part of the pharynx

about 5cm

8

The narrowest part of the pharynx

At its inferior end, where it is continuous with the esophagus

9

Width of the narrowest part of the pharynx

about 1.5 cm

10

The pharynx is divided into these three parts

Nasopharynx, oropharynx, laryngopharynx

11

In which part of the pharynx is the pharyngeal tonsil located?

Nasopharynx

12

The vertical fold of the mucous membrane extending inferiorly from the pharyngotympanic tube

Salpingopharyngeal fold

13

The collection of lymphoid tissue in the submucosa of the pharynx near the pharyngeal opening of the orifice of the pharyngotympanic tube

Tubal tonsil

14

In which part of the pharynx is the palatine tonsil located?

Oropharynx

15

The laryngopharynx is related with which vertebrae?

C4-C6

16

Structures that form the posterior and lateral walls of the laryngopharynx

Middle and inferior pharyngeal constrictor muscles

17

Internally, the wall of the laryngopharynx is formed by which muscles?

Palatopharyngeus and stylopharyngeus

18

The following supply blood to the palatine tonsils:

A. lingual artery
B. ascending palatine artery
C. descending artery
D. All of the above

D

19

When one has tonsilitis which lymph node is enlarged.

A. Jugulodigastric node
B. Submental node
C. Submandibular node
D. Inferior Deep Cervical node

A

20

Origin of middle constrictor muscle of pharynx

A. Pharyngeal tubercle
B. Hyoid bone
C. Side of tongue
D. Thyroid cartilage

B

21

Where are the tubal tonsils located?

A. Nasopharynx
B. Oropharynx
C. Audiopharynx
D. Hypopharynx

A

22

Superior relation to palatine tonsil:

A. Palatoglossal Arch
B. Palatopharyngeal Arch
C. Soft Palate
D. Cavity of Oropharynx

C

23

Lymphatic vessels of the pharynx drain directly to

A. Superficial cervical lymph nodes
B. Deep cervical lymph nodes
C. Glossocervical lymph nodes
D. Palatocervical lymph nodes

B

24

Lateral boundaries of the piriform fossa

Medial surface of the thyroid cartilage, and thyrohyoid membrane

25

The external circular layer of pharyngeal muscles that surround the alimentary part of the pharynx

Superior, middle and inferior pharyngeal constrictors

26

Internal longitudinal muscles of the pharynx

Palatopharyngeus, stylopharyngeus, and salpingopharyngeus

27

Action of the pharyngeal constrictors

Constricts walls of pharynx during swallowing

28

Action of the pharyngeal longitudinal muscles

Elevate (shorten and widen) pharynx and larynx during swallowing and speaking

29

Strong internal fascia of the pharyngeal constrictors

Pharyngobasilar fascia

30

Thin external fascial lining of the pharyngeal constrictors

Buccopharyngeal fascia

31

Inferiorly, the buccopharyngeal fascia blends with which fascia of the neck?

Pretracheal layer of the deep cervical fascia

32

Nervous supply of the pharyngeal constrictors

Pharyngeal plexus and sympathetic branches from superior cervical ganglion

33

The pharyngeal plexus is from which nerves?

Pharyngeal branches of the vagus, and glossopharyngeal nerves

34

Narrowing of the pharyngeal isthmus is caused by the

A. Aryepiglottic fold
B. Levator and tensor veli palatini
C. Palatoglossus and palatopharyngeus
D. True and false vocal folds

C

35

What innervates the palate and pharynx?

A. CN 5,9
B. CN 10
C. CN 9, 10
D. CN 5, 9, 10

D

36

When enlarged, this aggregation of lymphoid tissue at the posterior of nasopharynx is called

A. palatine tonsils
B. lingual tonsils
C. pharyngeal tonsils
D. tubal tonsils

A

37

The area where the fossa of Rosenmuller is located

A. oropharynx
B. nasopharynx
C. laryngopharynx
D. pyriform fossa

B

38

Compression of food bolus by tongue against soft palate is part of what phase of swallowing?

A. oral
B. palatal
C. pharyngeal
D. esophageal

A