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CHEM 1120 > Phosphorus > Flashcards

Flashcards in Phosphorus Deck (25):
1

what group is phosphorus?

group fifteen

2

is phosphorus a metal or non metal?

metal

3

as a result of phosphorus being a metal what two qualities does it have?

non conducting
forms acidic oxides

4

when was phosphorus discovered?

1669

5

how was phosphorus first ?

by accident when a alchemist was trying to get gold from pee

6

what 3 qualities does white phosphorus have?

white
waxy
spontaneously combusts in air

7

is white phosphorus toxic?

to humans, yes

8

for over 100 years what was the main source of phosphorus?

pee

9

how is phosphorus obtained today?

obtained from calcium phosphate (apatite) (Ca3(PO4)2)
this mineral is heated with sand and coke to get white phosphorus

10

what is the shape of P4 (white phosphorus)?

tetrahedron (phosphorus in corners)

11

what are the bond angles in tertahedron?

all 60 degrees

12

what is the reason white phosphorus is so unstable and reactive?

because the 60 degree angles of the tetrahedron mean lots of bond strain

13

if white phosphorus is heated in the abscence of air to 300 degrees what happens?

it changes its structure to a different allotrope called red phosphorus

14

what is the structure of red phoshorus

tetrahedron with a bond moved to connect it to another tetrahedron, forms a chain

15

is red phosphorus as reactive and toxic as white phosphorus?

no

16

what is red phosphorus commonly used for?

match heads (of the strike anywhere sort)

17

what form of phosphorus is used in match heads?
what oxidizing agent is added to this?

P4S3
KClO3

18

how is black phosphorus obtained?

by heating white phosphorus under pressure

19

how is black phosphorus in terms of stabilty and reactivity/

the least reactive and most stable of the three allotropes

20

what range of oxidation states does phosphorus have?

-3 to +5

21

which oxidizing state of phosphorus is the most stable

+5

22

what is phosphorus's valance electron configuration

3s2 3p2

23

what is phosphine (PH3)?

a colourless, poisonous gas that smells like dead fish

24

what is the oxidation state of phosphorus in phosphine?

-3

25

how is the polarity of phoshine compared to that of ammonia?

less polar because phosphorus is less electronegative than