physiological pathology ch1 ch2 (exam 1) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in physiological pathology ch1 ch2 (exam 1) Deck (38):
1

abatement

decrease, such as in pain

2

abrasion

excoriation, circumscribed removal of epidermis of skin/mucous

3

abcess

localized accumulation of pus

4

acapnia

marked decrease in blood carbon dioxide contect

5

acidosis

condition which there is an excessive proportion of acid in blood

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acquired (acquired disease)

after birth;disease not congenital but developed since birth

7

acromegaly

hyperfunction of pituitary gland after ossification has been completed

8

acute

rapid onset, short duration

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adenoma

neoplasm formed by glandular epithelium

10

algia

suffix means pain

11

alkalosis

condition in which there is an excessive proportion of alkali in blood

12

allergies

a hypersensitivity to substance that does not normally cause a reaction

13

alzheimer's disease

pre-senile dementia ocurring usually in persons over 60

14

amelia

at birth;congenital absence of one or more limbs

15

anasarca

generalized massive edema in subcutaneous tissue

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anemia

decrease in # of erythrocytes, hemoglobin or both

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aneurysm

localized dilation of a blood vessel

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angioma

swelling or tumor due to dilation of blood vessels or lymphatics

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anoxia

deficient blood oxygen supplies to tissues

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aplasia

failure of tissue/organ to develop normally;congenital absence of an organ or other part in hematology;cessation of regeneration

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suffix ase

means enzyme

22

antagonism

mutual opposition/contrary action;inhibition of one bacterial organism by another

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antibody

glycoprotein substance developed in response to, interacts specifically with an antigen AKA immunoglobulin

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antigen

foreign substance that stimulates the formulation of antibodies that interact specifically with it

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antisepsis

against the prevention of sepsis;prevents growth of causative microorganisms

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attenuation

weakening of virulence of a microorganism, reducing or abolishing pathogenicity

27

arteriosclerosis

disease of arteries resulting in thickening and loss of elasticity of the arterial walls

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arteritis

inflammation involves artery or arteries

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arthro

means joint

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ascites

accumulation of free serous fluid in abdominal cavity

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asphyxia

loss of consciousness from deficiency of oxygen

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atherosclerosis

form of arteriosclerosis marked by deposition of lipids in inner layer of arterial walls

33

atrophy

wasting, decrease in size of an organ/tissue

34

autopsy (necrospy)

postmortem exam of organs/tissues of a body to determine cause of death or pathological condition

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avulsion

tearing away

36

bacillus

rod shaped microbe

37

bacteremia

presence of viable bacteria in blood stream

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bacteria

prokaryotic one celled microbe of kingdom Monera