physiological pathology ch7 ch8 ch9 (exam 2) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in physiological pathology ch7 ch8 ch9 (exam 2) Deck (49):
1

exudate

the fluid that oozes through the tissues into a cavity or to the surface.

2

facultative aerobe

microorganism that prefers an environment devoid of oxygen but has adapted so that it can live and grow in the presence of oxygen.

3

facultative anaerobe

an organism that prefers an oxygen environment but is capable of living and growing in its absence.

4

facultative bacteria

having the capacity to do something that is not compulsory, in particular having the ability to live or adapt to certain conditions

5

facultative saprohyte

prefers live organic matter as a source of nutrition but can adapt to the use of dead organic matter under certain conditions

6

febrile

pertaining to or characterized by fever

7

fibroma

an encapsulated tumor composed mainly of fibrous connective tissue; fibroid, tumor, inoma.

8

focal infection

one in which the organisms are originally confined to one area but enter the blood or lymph vessel and spread to other parts of the body

9

fomite

any inanimate object to which infectious material adheres and can be transmitted

10

fulminating

having rapid and severe onset, usually fatal

11

functional

a condition or disease in which there is no recognizable change in anatomy

12

fungus

a group of diverse and widespread unicellular and multicellular organisms, lacking chlorophyll, usually bearing spores and often filamentous

13

fungicide

agent that kills fungi and their spores

14

furuncle

abscess or pyogenic infection of a sweat gland or hair follicle

15

gangrene

form of necrosis combined with putrefaction

16

gastritis

inflammation of the stomach

17

gingivitis

inflammation of the gingival tissue

18

GLOMERULONEPHRITIS

parenchymatous nephritis with pronounced lesions in the glomeruli

19

generla infection

an infection that becomes systemic.

20

general pathology

deals with the study of the widespread processes of disease such as inflammation, degeneration, necrosis or cellular death, repair, etc. without reference to particular organs or organ systems.
GENESIS - suffix meaning generation

21

genesis

suffix meaning generation

22

germicide

substance that destroys microorganisms

23

goiter

enlargement of the thyroid gland due to iodine deficiency

24

gross pathology

study of changes in structure of the body that are readily seen with the unaided eye as a result of disease.

25

hem, hemo

meaning blood.

26

hematemesis

vomiting of blood

27

hematoma

tumor like swelling of blood

28

hematuria

discharge of red blood cells in the urine

29

hemophilia

an inherited hemorrhagic disease characterized by a tendency to excessive and sometimes spontaneous bleeding.

30

hemoptysis

blood in sputum

31

hemorrhage

escape of blood from blood vascular system

32

hepatitis

inflammation of the liver

33

hereditary

genetic characteristics transmitted from parent to offspring

34

hernia

abnormal protrusion of an organ or part of an organ through an abnormal opening in the wall of the cavity containing the organ.

35

hetero

prefix meaning dissimilar

36

heterotrophic bacteria

an organism that requires complex organic food from a carbon source in order to grow and develop.

37

homeo

prefix meaning similar

38

hydro

prefix meaning water

39

hydrocele

abnormal collection of fluid in any sacculated cavity in the body, especially tunica vaginalis.

40

hydrocephalus

excessive accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid in the ventricles of the brain.

41

hydronephrosis

distention of the pelvis and calyces of one or both kidneys with urine as a result of obstruction.

42

hydropericardium

abnormal accumulation of fluid within the pericardial sac

43

hydrothorax

abnormal accumulation of fluid in the thoracic cavity

44

hyper

prefix meaning above or excess

45

hyperemia

excess of blood in an area of the body

46

hyperplasia

the increased size of an organ or part due to the excessive but regulated increase in the number of its cells.

47

hypertrophy

the enlargement of an organ or part due to the increase in size of cells composing it.

48

hypo

prefix meaning deficiency or beneath

49

hypoplasia

underdevelopment of a tissue, organ or the body