physiological pathology ch12 ch13 (exam 4) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in physiological pathology ch12 ch13 (exam 4) Deck (50):
1

necro

prefix meaning death.

2

necrosis

pathological death of a tissue still a part of the living organism.

3

nephrolithiasis

renal calculus or gravel.

4

neo

prefix meaning new.

5

neoplasm (tumor)

the abnormal, excessive and uncontrolled multiplication of cells with the formation of a mass or new growth of tissue.

6

nephr

prefix meaning kidney

7

nonsymbiotic

organisms that are free living and relationships are not required for survival

8

nosocomial

infection acquired in a hospital

9

occupational disease

a disease with an abnormally high rate of occurrence in members of the workforce.

10

odynia

suffix meaning pain

11

oid

suffix meaning like

12

oligo

prefix meaning few

13

oliguria

diminished amount of urine production

14

oma

suffix meaning tumor

15

oophoritis

inflammation of an ovary

16

opportunist

an organism that exists as part of the normal flora but may become pathogenic under certain conditions.

17

optimum temperature

temperature at which organisms grow best, 98-100 degrees F.

18

organic

a condition or disease in which there is a change in anatomy

19

osis

suffix meaning full of

20

osmotic pressure

pressure that develops when two solutions of different concentrations are separated by a semipermeable membrane.

21

osteo

prefix meaning bone

22

osteoma

a tumor formed of bone. It may occur as an overgrowth of or outgrowth from bone, but constituting an independent tumor.

23

osteomalacia

a disease marked by softening of the bones due to faulty calcification in adulthood.

24

osteomyelitis

inflammation of bone and bone marrow

25

osteoporosis

a disease of bone marked by increased porosity from widening of the Haversian canals and softness from absorption of the calcareous material. Loss of bone density.

26

ostomy

suffix meaning mouth

27

otomy

suffix meaning cut

28

pandemic disease

epidemic, widespread, even of worldwide event

29

papilloma

a circumscribed overgrowth or hypertrophy of the papillae of a cutaneous or mucous surface.

30

parkinson's disease

a.k.a. paralysis agitans

31

parasitism

an interactive relationship between two organisms in which one is harmed and the other benefits.

32

pathological anatomy

study of structural changes in the body caused by disease.

33

pathology

the science that deals with the study of disease.

34

pathogenesis

the manner in which a disease develops.

35

pathogenicity

the state of producing or being able to produce pathological changes and disease.

36

pathy

suffix meaning disease.

37

penia

suffix meaning poverty, decrease.

38

peptic ulcer

an ulcer of the mucous membrane of the stomach or duodenum, caused by the action of highly acid gastric juice.

39

pericarditis

inflammation of the pericardium, the membrane covering the heart and beginning of the great vessels.

40

peritonitis

inflammation of the peritoneum, or lining of the abdominal cavity.

41

petechia

antemortem, pinpoint, extravascular blood discoloration visible as purplish hemorrhages of the skin.

42

phago

prefix meaning to eat.

43

pharyngitis

inflammation of the mucous membrane and underlying parts of the pharynx.

44

phila

suffix meaning affinity for.

45

phleb

prefix meaning vein.

46

phlebitis

inflammation of a vein.

47

phocomelia

congenital condition in which the proximal portions of the limbs are poorly developed or absent.

48

physiological pathology

study of changes in body functions due to disease.

49

pigmentation

coloration caused by deposit, or lack, of colored material in the tissues.

50

plasia

suffix meaning to form.