physiological pathology ch5 ch6 (exam 2) Flashcards Preview

Physiological pathology > physiological pathology ch5 ch6 (exam 2) > Flashcards

Flashcards in physiological pathology ch5 ch6 (exam 2) Deck (50):
1

dia

prefix meaning through

2

diabetes

term used to designate two diseasesm diabetes insipidus and diabete mellitus, each having polyuria in common

3

diagnosis

term denoting the naming of the disease or syndrome;recognize nature of disease

4

dilatation

condition of the heart being enlarged normally, artificially, or as a result of disease

5

diplobacilli

double bacillus, two being linked end to end to each other

6

diplococcus

a genus of bacteria that are gram
-positive organisms occurring in pairs. Also called Streptococcus.

7

disinfectant

chemical or physical agent that kills disease-causing microorganisms generally used on inanimate objects.

8

disinfection

destruction of infectious agents by chemical or physical means directly applied to an inanimate object.

9

diverticulosis

the presence of a number of diverticula of the intestine

10

drug fast

resistant, as in bacteria, to the action of a drug or drugs

11

dry gangrene

(ischemic necrosis) - condition that results when the body part that dies had little blood and remains aseptic and occurs when the arteries but not the veins are obstructed

12

dys

prefix meaning difficult

13

dysplasia

abnormal development of tissue

14

dystrophy

faulty nutrition

15

ecchymosis

small, non-elevated hemorrhagic patch; extravasation of blood into a tissue

16

ecstasis

suffix meaning dilate

17

ectomy

suffix meaning removal of

18

ectopic

displaced; not in the normal place, for example, extrauterine pregnancy

19

ectopic pregnancy

the implantation of the fertilized ovum in a site other than the normal one in the uterine cavity.

20

edema

abnormal accumulation of fluids in tissue or body cavities

21

emaciation

excessive wasting away of the body.

22

embolism

obstruction of a blood vessel by free floating object in the bloodstream

23

emesis

suffix meaning vomit

24

emia

suffix meaning blood

25

empyema

pus in the pleural cavity

26

en

prefix means in

27

encephalitis

inflammation of the brain.

28

endemic

a disease that is continuously present in a community

29

endo

prefix meaning within

30

endocarditis

inflammation of the endocardium, or lining membrane of the heart. It may involve only the membrane covering the valves or the general lining of the chambers of the heart.

31

endocervicitis

inflammation of the mucous membrane of the cervix uteri

32

endometriosis

the ectopic occurrence of endometrial tissue or its diffuse inplantation or infiltration in the myometrium.

33

endogenous infection

produced or arising from within a cell or organism

34

endospores

a thick-walled spore within a bacterium

35

endotoxin

bacterial toxin confined within the body of a bacterium freed only when the bacterium is broken down, found only in gram negative bacteria.

36

enteritis

inflammation of the intestine, especially the small intestine, usually accompanied by diarrhea.

37

entero

prefix meaning intestine

38

epi

prefix meaning upon

39

epidemic

a disease that is currently in higher than normal numbers

40

epilespsy

a chronic neurogenic disease marked by sudden alterations in consciousness and frequently by convulsions.

41

epistaxis

bleeding from the nose

42

esophagitis

inflammation of the esophagus

43

esthesia

suffix meaning sensation

44

etiology

the study of the cause of disease

45

ex

prefix meaning out of

46

exacerbation

increase in severity of a disease

47

exogenous infection

originating outside an organ or part

48

exotoxin

a toxin produced by a microorganism and excreted into its surrounding medium, generally protein in nature

49

exsanguination

loss of blood to the point where life can no longer be sustained

50

embolus

free floating object in the bloodstream