physiological pathology ch3 ch4 (exam 1) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in physiological pathology ch3 ch4 (exam 1) Deck (47):
1

bacterial colony

multiple microbes that originate from one mother cell gather together

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bactericide

destroys bacteria but not necessarily their spores

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bacteriology

science that studies bacteria

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bilirubin

red pigment in bile

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biliverdin

green pigment in bile

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binary fission

asexual reproduction in bacteria;splits into two parts to become complete individual

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biological vector

disease causing microbe that mulitiplies within anthropod before becoming infective

8

brain purge

preembalming purge, from skull fracture, surgicial procedure, trauma

9

cachexia

severe form of malnutrition

10

carbuncle

communicating boils of skin and subcutaneous tissues with the production and discharge of pus and dead tissue

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carcinoma

malignant tumor

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capsule

membrane surrounding some bacterial cells, helps against phagocytosis

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cavitation

formation of cavities in an organ or tissue/ seen frequent in some forms of tuberculosis

14

cellular degeneration

deterioration of an organ or cell structure which may include swelling

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cellular infiltration

cellular reaction to injury which may include pigmentation, calcification and gout

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centesis

suffix means perforating

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cerebral vascular accident

stroke.blow, sudden attack

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chancre

primary lesion, syphilitic sore, 1st manifestation of syphilis

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chlamydia

large group of nonmotile, gram -, intracellular parasites

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chol prefix

means bile

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chole suffix

means bile

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cholecystitis

inflammation of gallbladder

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chronic

disease with more less slow onset and long duration

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cirrhosis

scarring of tissue, degeneration/atrophy of the parenchyma cells of an organ

25

cleft palate

congenitally malformed palate with a fissure along midline

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clinical pathology

study of disease by means of body secretions, excretions and other body fluids performed in the lab

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coccus (pl. cocci)

spherical/ovoid form of bacteria

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colitis

inflammation of the mucous membrane of colon

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commensalism

symbiotic relationship of 2 organisms of different species in which one gains some benefit but 't no harm is done to the other

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communicable

can be transmitted from one to another

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complication

unfavorable condition arising during course or disease

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concussion

immediate/temporary disturbance of brain function

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congenital

existing at birth or shortly after

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congenital disease

disease beginning before birth and is evident at time of birth

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congestion

accumulation of an excess of blood/tissue fluid in a body part

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contamination

act of introducing disease germs or infectious material into an area or substance

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contusion

bruise often accompanied with swelling

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cretinism

congenital condition due to hypothyroidism resulting in mental retardation

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cryptorchism

condition in which the descent of a testis into scrotum is arrested at some point in normal path

40

cyanosis

bluish discoloration of skin/mucous membrane due to lack of oxyfen

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cyst

sac within or on body containing air/fluid

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prefix cyst

prefix means bladder

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cystitis

inflammation of a bladder especially urinary bladder

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decomposition

chemical reaction involving breaking of chemical bonds , forms two or more smaller molecules compounds from larger molecule compounds

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deficiency

disease due to lack of dietary or metabolic substance

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degeneration

deterioration of tissues with corresponding function impairments as a result of disease/injury

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dehydration

loss of moisture from body tissue which may occur antemortem or postmortem