PIH: Celtic Farmer Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in PIH: Celtic Farmer Deck (13):
1

Tuath

The land and people owned by the King.

2

Social class

In the same class as slaves at the bottom, but still above women

3

Housing

Farmers lived in raths, crannógs, hill forts or promontory forts.

4

Housing and animals

Some crannogs had a bridge from the land to the house standing on water to let the animals inside for protection

5

Protection

Farmers also need of protection this is why promontory forts were built around to cliffs so that enemies could only attack from one side

6

Animals

Farmers kept the animals mainly cattle and sheep and some would have a goat or a pig as well, they were used for meat like beef and skin like wool

7

Brehon law

At the time of Ireland was ruled by Brehon law. Well was calculated by the amount of cattle, 50 cattle were as important as one person. Fines were also paid in cattle

8

Crops

They grind and crops on the rotary quern stone to make flour. They made ale from Barley and provided the food for the tuath and the feasts of the Rí

9

Clothing

Farmers wore woollen trousers and their wife's wore a long plane wall tunic. they did not wear Jewelry, make up or bright colours, as they were expensive

10

Hair

It is said that celts had light hair, but used lime wash to make it lighter

11

Religion

Oh Celts believed in many gods and cremated the dead

12

Three gods

An Daghda: chief God and God of the afterlife
Lugh: God of war, Festival of Lughnasa celebrates him
Bridget: The main goddess

13

Worshipping

They worshipped in the woods aside streams where they felt closer to the gods.the priests were called Druids.