Flashcards in PIH: Celtic Farmer Deck (13):
The land and people owned by the King.
In the same class as slaves at the bottom, but still above women
Farmers lived in raths, crannógs, hill forts or promontory forts.
Housing and animals
Some crannogs had a bridge from the land to the house standing on water to let the animals inside for protection
Farmers also need of protection this is why promontory forts were built around to cliffs so that enemies could only attack from one side
Farmers kept the animals mainly cattle and sheep and some would have a goat or a pig as well, they were used for meat like beef and skin like wool
At the time of Ireland was ruled by Brehon law. Well was calculated by the amount of cattle, 50 cattle were as important as one person. Fines were also paid in cattle
They grind and crops on the rotary quern stone to make flour. They made ale from Barley and provided the food for the tuath and the feasts of the Rí
Farmers wore woollen trousers and their wife's wore a long plane wall tunic. they did not wear Jewelry, make up or bright colours, as they were expensive
It is said that celts had light hair, but used lime wash to make it lighter
Oh Celts believed in many gods and cremated the dead
An Daghda: chief God and God of the afterlife
Lugh: God of war, Festival of Lughnasa celebrates him
Bridget: The main goddess